Vanuatu needed humanitarian aid against the ravages of cyclone Pam.

Juan G. R Vanuatu needed humanitarian aid against the ravages of cyclone Pam.

Water and Irrigation. Vol .: 6, No. 1: 9-10, March 2015, Spain.

 The Pam cyclone reached the highest category with winds up to 230 kilometers per hour in the eye of the storm on their way through Vanuatu, located in Oceania, Pacific Ocean This nation is composed of 80 islands. Have been damaged infrastructure and crops, there have been floods that have contaminated water sources, the effect of wind has caused major urban and rural losses, the cyclone has left in ruins many islands, there are 11 dead, supplies food is scarce, people need water, food, medicine, shelter and humanitarian aid. According to UNICEF, 70,000 children may have lost their homes or have been affected by the cyclone. The consequences of global warming become increasingly more harmful.

The Pam cyclone has left at least 11 dead on their way through Vanuatu in Melanesia, located in Oceania, the cyclone reached the maximum category, level five, with winds up to 230 kilometers per hour in the eye of the storm, with gusts as high wind up to 350 Km. / hr. This nation of the Pacific Ocean has about 270,000 inhabitants, is poor and lives primarily on agriculture and tourism. Disasters largely on the 80 islands that make up the country, they are still unquantified and it is feared that the population faces starvation, according alerted government sources.

Authorities estimated that 70 percent of the population has been displaced for more secure facilities, 80 percent of the buildings in the capital Port Vila have been damaged, but the impact of the cyclone in the archipelago still has not regained due to poor communications., were damaged infrastructure and crops, there have been floods have contaminated the water sources, the effect of wind has caused major urban and rural losses. In many regions the accumulated rainfall exceeded 200 mm in the first two weeks of March 2015 Rescuers try to assess the economic losses caused by the huge disaster of the cyclone.

The delegate of the Red Cross, Jacqueline Gaillarde, warned that businesses have little food and many of these reservations were lost or destroyed. Food for the next few weeks, staff conducting evaluations, transport and boats to access the islands is needed, because there are many airports grass courts are flooded and can not land. Another priority is to bring the affected areas medical supplies and first aid, water and shelter. The Red Cross Society of China has sent $ 100,000 in humanitarian aid to Vanuatu aftermath of devastating cyclone Pam, the Chinese government is closely monitoring the situation and is committed to continue helping the South Pacific archipelago.

UNICEF also expressed concern about 70,000 children who may have lost their homes or have been affected by the passage of Pam, and informed him that sent first aid kits and medicines that are urgently needed in Vanuatu.

 Government personnel and humanitarian organizations began arriving at Tanna, located 200 kilometers from Port Vila, where the cyclone has left almost ruined a territory inhabited by about 29,000 people. International humanitarian aid begins to gradually reach Vanuatu.

UK has given support of 3 million euros and the European Commission has announced a contribution of one million euros for victims as emergency aid to the archipelago of Vanuatu. The European Commission also sent two experts to really assess humanitarian needs. Meanwhile, the Foreign Ministry of France said be prepared to respond to any request for humanitarian assistance. Right now our main concern is the delivery of food and water; In Australia is being done everything that is its scope, insisting that desperately needed food and water. New Zealand is also providing Vanuatu humanitarian aid. Japan has announced the shipment of sleeping bags, thermal blankets and survival kits.

Global warming is a reality and has enabled the gradual melting of the poles, and Greenland Glaciers and caused the sea level rise, which greatly affects the sustainability of many islands like those in Oceania. The temperature rise in the water increases the strength of hurricanes, typhoons, tornadoes, storms and more vulnerable to these islands are mostly just a few meters above sea level, which is gradually increased until them disappear. We must fight against global warming, which weighs heavily contaminating impact of the human species and against deforestation, so that the level of gases is not increased in the atmosphere, as well as to cushion the effect of speed wind when cyclones come ashore.

Thousands of families live in makeshift homes, inconsistent, supplies are scarce, people need water, food, medicine, shelter and humanitarian aid: In this initial stage, the country needs help in the construction and home repair and recover agriculture that has been devastated and it depends 70% of the population.