Only 5% of basic grains crops operate under irrigation in Honduras
Bessy Lara, January 20, 2015 San Pedro Sula, Honduras.
The Honduran government with assistance from international organizations built in 2015 about 2000 water reservoirs in the dry corridor, due the need to increase irrigated areas in the fight against drought and shortage of grain. Of the 15 million quintals of basic grains produced in the country, only about 750,000 are grown under irrigation, equivalent to 5% of domestic production, crops most affected by drought are corn and beans.
Of the 15 million quintals of basic grains produced in the country, only about 750,000 are grown under irrigation. The figure is equivalent to 5% of the national crop. Agricultural experts forward to having a drought could register a new grain shortages as happened last year.
The agricultural sector is not ready for a new period of drought, precisely for the type of subsistence agriculture has. Even agriculture business logic may have difficulty because the irrigation systems are not implemented for that amount of hectares planted, says José Chacón, technical assistant executive director of the National Federation of Farmers and Ranchers of Honduras, Fenagh.
Oscar Romero, project developer irrigation system, explains that corn and beans are the most affected by drought, because these are the areas most lacking in irrigation systems. Rice is the exception, which by their nature planting has flood irrigation, these systems are installed mostly by producers exporting. They understand that these techniques are not an spends but an investment, detailed Romero.
To minimize the damage caused by climate change on agriculture, the Honduran government, with assistance from international organizations built in 2015 approximately 2000 water reservoirs in the dry corridor, of which 100 were installed since last November, says Moses Molina, vice minister of the Ministry of Agriculture and Livestock (SAG).
Luis Donaire, grain adviser says that about 3000 blocks in Olancho, El Paraiso and Comayagua work with irrigation thanks to the team who donated the Australian Government, valued at about $ 15 million.