Juan G. R. Drought and floods in India in 2015, a big challenge.
Water and Irrigation Vol .: 6, No. 1: 21-22, August, 2015, Spain.
The delay in monsoon rains in India, water shortages and rising temperatures have led to reduced harvests especially in rainfed areas. The sudden entry of monsoon in early August has been characterized by major flooding, has caused more than 200 dead, hundreds of thousands of victims and losses in crops, housing and infrastructure, Bengal being the hardest hit region, with 83 dead, some 6 million affected and about 16,000 people partially or completely flooded. Economic losses in India as a result of drought and floods are estimated at billions of dollars, which show the need to take the required measures on time and reduce carbon pollution, increase reforestation, perform proper irrigation management and build systems of urban and rural drainage to mitigate the effects of climate change.
With the prediction by the Meteorological Department of India poor monsoon rains that monsoon rainfall was insufficient, it is expected that this year was about 88% or less than expected so take measures assessed by the Indian state to late spring to fight the effects of drought. Prime Minister Narendar Modi said the challenge must become an opportunity to look at other means of watering as he launched to promote the creation of loopholes in the estate as a short-term effort. He also pushed for the rapid adoption of a multiple strategy to increase the country’s irrigation network. The expansion of irrigation should be linked to a comprehensive assessment of cropping patterns across states, as well as a rational use of modern and micro-irrigation systems such as drip and sprinkler irrigation.
The weather service predicted prolonged drought conditions in India and monsoon season probably altered by a more active typhoon season in the Pacific. In June to late spring rains caused flooding in several towns in the state of Assam in the northeast of India, however in mid-July various regions of the west and south of the country were still suffering water shortages and the effects a heat wave for several weeks hit the country.
Major flooding lashing India in early August, the dead rise to more than 200 people and affected more than 10 million. Bengal has been the hardest hit region, with 83 dead, about 6 million people affected and about 16,000 poblations partially or completely flooded at least 430,000 Bangladeshis are in relief camps because of the floods, which have destroyed 100,000 homes and partially damaged 360,000 others in the state, rainfall in Bengal were caused by a depression created by the Komen cyclone made landfall in Bangladesh on Friday. In other states like Gujarat and Rajasthan in the west, Odisha in the east and Manipur located in northeastern floods were caused by monsoon rains, tuesday reported official sources. New states like Madhya Pradesh, located in the central region, in other parts of the country, dams and rivers overflow and force people to flee.
Later monsoon rains continue to cause floods in South Asia, leaving hundreds dead, millions affected and economic losses in crops, homes and infrastructure in countries like India, Pakistan, Myanmar, Nepal, Bangladesh and Vietnam, which has caused a humanitarian crisis in Southeast Asia. The accumulated rainfall in parts of Bangladesh exceeded 1000 mm. Floods are common in Southeast Asia in the period of more intense monsoon rains in July and August.
The balance of drought and floods in India as a result of global warming and climate change has been characterized during early summer by a prolonged water shortage, accompanied by heat waves have caused great economic losses agriculture and the death of over 2000 people, the floods began at the end of spring in the northwest, later at the beginning of August 2015, a totally abrupt and extreme climate event, characterized by heavy rains and floods caused more 200 dead, hundreds of thousands of people affected and economic losses in crops, homes and infrastructure.
Economic losses in India as a result of drought and floods are estimated at billions of dollars, which show the need to take the required measures on time and reduce carbon pollution, increase reforestation, perform proper irrigation management and build systems of urban and rural drainage to mitigate the effects of climate change, even though India has world’s highest number of irrigated areas about 62 million hectares, still has about 55% of dry farming areas. Finally with the arrival of monsoon drought it has decreased, but the damage to crops is still manifest. The floods have also spread to other neighboring countries which has caused a humanitarian crisis in Southeast Asia that including India, Pakistan, Myanmar, Vietnam, Bangladesh and Nepal.