Cattle die in Zacatecas, dams are at 21 percent capacity
El Sol de Zacatecas, May 9, 2013, Zacatecas, Mexico.
The 13 largest dams in Zacatecas in Mexico are at 21 percent of its storage capacity, and the Regional Livestock Union of Zacatecas has noted the loss of up to 40 percent of livestock in the state, Reynoso Leobardo Dam, located in the municipality of Fresnillo, is under review as it registers a water storage capacity of just 4.4 percent due to the drought affecting much of the country for almost two consecutive years, and this has prevented the harvest of various crops irrigation that depend on this reservoir. Dams of Santa Rosa, also located in Fresnillo, along with Miguel Aleman Tepechitlán Township, are the 13 percent of its capacity. Zacatecas are encouraged to be incorporated as soon as possible to the plans and programs referred to in the National Drought.
Around drought governments of other states have taken a series of measures to ensure counteract the harmful effects of this phenomenon, that have placed Mexico in an importer of grain, not only by drought but by abandoning the countryside and the lack of public policies that favor. This problem is spread throughout the production chain because agricultural activity being the first affected, then comes the increase in prices in the industry that depends on agricultural inputs, food and textiles, leading to escalating inflation in prices, affecting not only companies but also more serious the families.
That is why the issue of drought has become one of the most important, since it corresponds to the state to create programs and appropriate means to prevent and counteract its effects. On January 10 the President, Enrique Peña Nieto, issued the National Program Against Drought in two lines of action, the first is based on an early warning system based indicators starting with the precipitation rates and runoff, which is supported by 20 universities and research institutes will announce the drought situation in the country, and a second is the development of programs of care 26 drought in correspondence to the 26 basins in which is located divided the country.
The problem of drought is already in front of us, appearing in various institutions of the country, the producers can not wait to receive the necessary attention.
Zacatecas in recent years has experienced one of the most extreme droughts, it has historically had a dry climate and nationally we are located well below the national average in terms of rainfall, according to reports from the National Weather System in the country , since 1941 the average annual rainfall sheet is 773.5 millimeters of water, while in our bank reported average annual sheet 517.6 millimeters, but last year ended with a rainfall of 314.4 mm, still far below the average recorded.
Zacatecas in recent years has experienced one of the most extreme droughts
These drought conditions have emptied most important dams in the state, the area of Hydrometeorology of the National Water Commission reported that the 13 largest dams in Zacatecas are at 21 percent of its storage capacity, mainly located in Reynoso Leobardo the municipality of Fresnillo, which is under review as filling barely registers 4.4 percent of its water storage capacity due to the drought affecting much of the country for almost two consecutive years and was practically dry now This situation has prevented the harvest of various irrigated crops that depend on this reservoir, the dam of Santa Rosa, also located in Fresnillo, along with Miguel Aleman Tepechitlán Township, are at 13 percent of capacity.
The Regional Livestock Union of Zacatecas said in recent days the loss, up to 40 percent of livestock due to drought, livestock mortality levels in our state are troubling, but also extend the damage so concern to the economy of thousands of families whose heritage is constituted Zacatecas 3 or 4 cows the source of their support, livelihood and wealth. These small family herds are disappearing today in Zacatecas, which puts us at risk of the food poverty dramatically deepen in the coming months in different regions, if no there is a rapid and strong accion of institutional structures.