The 10 countries with the largest reserves of fresh water.

The 10 countries with the largest reserves of fresh water.

RT news channel in Spanish, page Web. July 25, 2015, Russia.

Relatively recently the water, like air, is considered one of the free gifts of nature, with the exception of irrigated areas, where water always worth much. Lately the attitude towards water resources of the planet has changed. In the past 100 years the global freshwater consumption has doubled, but not all countries are able to meet such high demand. Over 40% of the global population, nearly 2,500 million people living in regions suffering from medium or acute water shortages, and predicts that their share will grow to two-thirds. Other regions, however, have abundant resources, and the site VestiFinance has focused on these countries, which are detailed below: Burma, Venezuela, India, Bangladesh, United States, Indonesia, China, Canada, Russia, Brazil.

Burma

This Southeast Asian nation has 1,080 cubic kilometers of water, or 23,300 cubic meters per person. The country’s rivers originate in the mountains, but over 80% of water is received by rain. Despite high absolute statistics, residents of certain regions of the country are short of fresh water.

 

Venezuela

1,320 km3, or 60,300 m3 per. capita. Almost half of the thousand Venezuelan rivers end in the Orinoco River, the third largest river in Latin America. Their accumulation of water occupies approximately four fifths of the territory.

 

India

2,085 km3, or 2,200 m3 per. capita. The country has a lot of rivers, many of which are a major source of irrigation. Glaciers and ice caps occupy 40,000 km2.Pero considering the huge population, the per capita water levels are quite low.
Bangladesh

2,360 km3, or 19,600 m3 per person. It is one of the countries most dense population is in much due to its fertile delta of the Ganges River and regular floods caused by monsoon rains. Despite the relatively high allocation of water resources, rivers are often contaminated with arsenic, which is abundant in the soil of the country.

 

United States

2,480 km3, or 7,630 m3 per. capita. The country is spread over a vast territory characterized by a plenitude of rivers and lakes. However, some US regions, such as California are suffering acute droughts. In addition, due to the large population of the country it is currently about 325 million, makes the availability of water per inhabitant diminishes.

 

Indonesia

2,530 km3, or 12,200 m3 per person. The Indonesian territory has plenty of rainfall throughout the year, so the rivers are always at full capacity, which has a significant role to the irrigation system.

 

China

2,800 km3, or 2,300 m3 per capita. China has 5-6% of global water reserves. At the same time it has the highest population density in the world, while the distribution of water in its territory is extremely uneven. The south has always struggled with flooding while the northern and central lack of water.

 

Canada

2,900 km3, or 98.500 m3 per person. Canada, North America country accounts for 7% of global renewable fresh water and less than 1% of the world population. It is one of the countries that have lakes, including the Great Lakes, whose basin exceeds 240,000 km2.

 

Russia

4,500 km3, or 30,500 m3 per person. Russia has more than 20% of global freshwater resources (without glaciers and groundwater). The country is washed by 12 seas of three oceans, besides having an internal sea, the Caspian. It has more than 2.5 million rivers and over 2 million lakes.

 

Brazil

6,950 km3, or 43,000 m3 per person. The aquatic richness of the Latin American country is due to a huge amount of rivers, the main of which is the Amazon, the longest and largest river in the world. This river with its 200 tributaries contains a fifth of the world’s river water. In the rainy season, the rivers often overflow, inundating vast areas of forest. Brazilian plateau has considerable hydroelectric potential.

https://actualidad.rt.com/actualidad/181075-paises-mayores-reservas-agua

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