Juan G.R. Investment water& irrigation for Latin America requires economic studies and technical assistance.
Water and Irrigation. Vol: 5, No. 1: 22-26, July, 2014, Spain.
Until 2018 Latin America invests more than 40,000 million dollars and takes a big challenge in relation to drinking water, water resources, construction of waterworks, wastewater treatment, water quality, modernization of systems irrigation. But even to consider investments in agricultural drainage and urban drainage, strengthen water, irrigation and drainage infrastructure, and maintain sources water, irrigation, drainage, river channels, promote efficient water use and savings. A level of investment as high as realized, demand a complementary plan research and development in water and irrigation, as well as a training plan for technical assistance. It is essential in each case a detailed feasibility of hydraulic investments required to achieve optimal results economic study.
As a result of population growth, Latin America faces the increase in drinking water, also need to treat the water because of the pollution caused by industry, agriculture and the development of the man himself, requires investment in new water resources for meet domestic food demand of the population, industrial development and to meet the international demand for agricultural products that is considered to be high in the short term, so it also requires investment in irrigation systems. Climate change has been causing major flooding and long periods of drought, we must not forget the investments to agricultural drainage and drainage of cities and the protection of cities against floods of the rivers.
Latin America has made great challenge in relation to drinking water, water resources, construction of hydraulic works, the treatment of wastewater, water quality, modernization of irrigation systems and other activities, invest for a period of late 2013 to 2018 more than 40,000 million dollars.But even to consider the investments in agricultural drainage and urban drainage seen year after year since the failure of the same, the global change is causing millions economic losses and the hundreds of lives. Nor should we forget that we need to strengthen the infrastructure of water, irrigation, drainage, and maintain water sources, irrigation and drainage, river channels, promote efficient water use and savings.
A level of investment as high as it is being made, demand for a complementary plan of research and development in water, irrigation, drainage, water needs, water management, wastewater and other, enabling a more effective use of resources water, human and financial. As a training plan for the best use of resources and provide technical assistance on water and irrigation.
Analysis of the results shows that the investment plan for water, irrigation and sanitation for the countries of Central America and the Caribbean is underwhelmed by the lack of economic resources, the problem should be treated as an integrated regional water development and try to provide by every possible means the financial assistance that need, so that all of Central America and the Caribbean have a harmonic water development with the rest of America.
The high level of investment allocated to water and irrigation in Latin America is high, so it is essential in each case a detailed economic feasibility of each of these investments, to achieve optimal results study. Investments in water works, irrigation and drainage, dams, diversions, plant wastewater treatment are great and it is common that many of them have low economic returns and much time and money would be lost. There is the possibility of developing these investments in other areas to recover the capital invested in less time.
The information for develop the article was take of Business News Americas staff reporter and the regional documents.
Mexico invests in irrigation, water supply and water projects.
Mexican President Enrique Peña Nieto announced a US$7.3bn investment in irrigation technology and water supply for the agricultural sector. The investment falls under the 2014-18 infrastructure program and includes upgrading 1.3Mha. It will also add nearly 200,000ha to the country’s technical irrigation system, Peña Nieto said at the opening ceremony of an irrigation technology project in Aguascalientes State. The government allotted more than 75 millions to the Aguascalientes project, which benefits 2,200 farms, and plans similar projects in the country’s 85 irrigation districts.
Mexico plans to invest US$22.5bn in water projects in the next four years, as well as promote a new law to regulate the sector. In view of the challenges of water management and water supply, not only for human consumption but for other ends as well, the government is working to update the legal framework and propose a new general water law to congress, Mexican presidency said in a statement.
Chile presents infrastructure master plan, that includes reservoirs.
Chilean President Michelle Bachelet presented a national infrastructure plan US$28bn that includes US$10bn in new concessions until 2020 and US$18bn in public works projects until 2021, including highways, airports and reservoirs.
Brazil invests in irrigation, water supply, wastewater and waterway project.
Brazil’s President Dilma Rousseff has confirmed plans to implement phase 3 of the country’s growth acceleration plan, has awarded contracts worth US$7.5bn in potable water supply and irrigation works to date under its water supply program, according to the federal government’s 10th update report on PAC works. Through partnerships with state and municipal governments and the private sector, the federal government has been carrying out numerous projects to build water supply pipelines, treatment plants, dams, reservoirs, water channels and irrigation systems under the program.
South eastern Brazil’s São Paulo state is planning tenders under its US$958mn for Tietê-Paraná waterway navigation improvement project.
A consortium led by Acciona Agua, part of Spanish group Acciona, was awarded a US$159mn contract for the construction of a wastewater treatment plant and sewerage network in the city of São Gonçalo in Brazil’s Rio de Janeiro state. The project entails the construction of the plant, a drainage system, sewerage network, water utility connections to residences, pumping stations, and includes environmental recovery work at the Alcântara and Mutondo river basins, according to an Acciona Agua release.
Colombia plans potable water and sewerage for rural areas
The Colombian government will invest US$4.09bn in rural potable water and sewerage. The potable water works will benefit 1.79mn residents, while 2.5mn Colombians will have improved water solutions.
Venezuela to invest in drinking water and sanitation services projects until 2015.
Venezuela will invest US$2.54bn until 2015 to improve and expand water services across the country, President Nicolas Maduro said. In a speech at the general assembly, Maduro approved 160 millions in a first round of investment to start the so called national water plan, which will extend drinking water and sanitation services to poor areas. The plan will be linked to social programs to provide housing and public services. According to government figures, drinking water access reaches 94% in urban areas and 79% in rural areas in Venezuela.
Venezuela is investing US$55mn in sanitation projects in Nueva Esparta state and in water services in Bolívar state, local news agency AVN said in a report. President Nicolás Maduro’s administration acquire 69 solid waste collecting machines for US$46mn to improve sanitation in Nueva Esparta state, which includes Margarita Island, a well-known tourism destination. Bolívar state wants to reach universal drinking water coverage by 2015 from the current 95%.
Argentina invests clean polluted water, to build water reservoirs and irrigation.
Argentina’s state water company AySA has signed three contracts for waterworks in the Matanza-Riachuelo basin, one of the world’s most polluted areas, worth US$1.1bn.
Argentina’s western province Mendoza will build three large water reservoirs and upgrade its irrigation system with a US$30mn IDB loan.
Peru invests in potable water, sewage projects, irrigation and water quality
Peru’s housing, construction and sanitation ministry is investing US$53mn in potable water and sewerage projects in the province of Sullana of the Piura region.
Peru expands water and sanitation in Madre de Dios, begins phase III of irrigation project Chavimochic and invests in irrigation in Puno. Peru’s national water authority launched a participatory water monitoring program to measure the quality of rivers in the Peruvian Amazon.
Paraguay to spend in potable water, wastewater treatment and sewerage.
Paraguay says US$2.42bn will need to be invested in potable water and sanitation works in the next five years. Paraguay’s public works and communications ministry listed five mega projects: a sewer and wastewater treatment project for Asunción (US$518mn); a treatment and sewerage system project for the Ypacaraí lake basin (US$412mn); a wastewater treatment plant on stream Yukyry; potable water services and sewage sanitation upgrades in Ciudad del Este, Hernandarias, Minga Guazú and Presidente Franco, and improving urban streams channels and drainage.
The five-year goal of these projects is to raise coverage of sewerage and treatment plants to 50% and potable water to 75%.The sewerage system currently reaches 11% of the population, with wastewater treatment at 3%. Works will generate over 28,000 jobs. Sewerage system projects will benefit 2.57mn people, while 3.10mn people will benefit from wastewater treatment works.
Bolivia invests in potable water and water treatment plant
The Misicuni water treatment plant, under construction in Bolivia’s Cochabamba department, will be the biggest facility in the country when it is completed in August, state news agency ABI said. The plant will initially have a 1,000l/s capacity and provide coverage for the department towns and municipalities of Cercado, Colcapirhua, Quillacollo, Sipe Sipe, Tiquipaya, and Vinto. Located at a high elevation, the plant is also expected to supply water to the Quintanilla area in Chapare province capital Sacaba. The local government is also considering installing a pumping station to expand coverage to the rest of the city. The plant will be formally opened in September and is anticipated to have a capacity of 2,000l/s following a second phase of development.
The government of Evo Morales was invested during several years in potable water, irrigation, water works and water treatment, will be making.
Uruguay invests in water resources, potable water and irrigation.
Uruguay has launched its first national survey among companies and land owners to identify the country’s water resources used for industrial and agricultural production.
Ecuador invests in potable water and sanitation projects.
Ecuador receives US$120mn IDB loan for water and sanitation projects. The Ecuadorian legislature has approved a new law that guarantees all citizens their human right to water and prohibits the privatization of water. Water management will remain exclusively with the public or community and any form of ownership over water shall not be recognized.
Panama invests in water, wastewater treatment and infrastructure projects.
IDB approved a US$54mn loan to the Panamanian government for improvements to water and sanitation services in central and western provinces in 2013, according to a release from the development bank. Panama’s new President Juan Carlos Varela kicked off his term in office by announcing plans to carry out water and infrastructure projects. The government will also invest US$500mn in revamping Colon city through housing, wastewater treatment plant, paving and street lighting projects, according to a release from the presidency.
Honduras invites tenders for potable water meter provision
The Honduran social investment fund (FHIS) is seeking bidders for the provision of potable water metering systems across the country.
Cuba expects to provide agriculture 98% of water requested.
The Cuban national water resources institute INRH is aiming to supply water to the agriculture ministry, the 98% of the amount requested, according to Cuban news agency AIN. Agriculture uses more water than any other user the Cuban irrigation systems have significant inefficiencies, have water losses and farmers use inefficient irrigation techniques according to the article. The INRH says the country needs to increase irrigation efficiency, improve water use, and introduce new technologies that help conserve water.
During much years Cuba was invested in water works, irrigation, drainage, water infrastructure and water sanitation but now need to invest in modernize the irrigated system, increase irrigation efficient, wastewater treatment, maintenance water resources, improve water use and introduce new technologies that help conserve water.