Floods in India, Nepal and Bangladesh are increasingly extreme.

Juan G. R., Juan G. R., and Juan P. J. A. Floods in India, Nepal and Bangladesh are increasingly extreme.

 Water and Irrigation Vol. 10, No. 1: 13-14, July 20, 2019, Spain.

 There are some 200 people killed and more than seven million have been affected as a result of the floods caused by the monsoon that affected India, Nepal and Bangladesh, , which has caused large losses human and economic, in addition there are reported large losses of crops and livestock. The overflow of the rivers, including one of the largest in India, the Brahmaputra has caused great floods. Climate change has caused increasingly extreme seasons throughout South Asia with very dry periods and periods of torrential rainfall, which makes it increasingly necessary to carry out a comprehensive irrigation and drainage plan that guarantees the sustainable development of the agriculture and the sustainability of large population centers, as well as improving urban drainage.

At the beginning of the spring of 2019, cyclone Fani devastates and floods hard hit regions that recorded winds of up to 180 kilometers per hour, touching land in the Indian state of Odisha and later weakened and continued on its way to Bangladesh, reporting a huge amount of trees uprooted, abundant rains and the suspension of electricity and potable water service in numerous places, it is reported 12 dead in India and 4 in Bangladesh, more than 1500000 people were evacuated. Now the monsoon rains of the month of July have caused great floods in India, Nepal and Bangladesh, causing considerable human and economic losses according to local sources.

.Currently there are some 200 people killed and more than seven million have been affected as a result of the floods caused by the monsoon affecting India, Nepal and Bangladesh, also reported large losses of crops and livestock according to local media reports.

Authorities in India report a total of 82 fatalities. The most affected states are Bihar, where at least 32 people are reported dead and Assaam in the northeast of the country, where authorities count at least 15 dead. The floods have caused damage in 30 of the 33 districts of the state of Assaam since July 10 and more than 150 thousand people were housed in temporary camps. The region is affected by the torrential rains that caused the overflow of eleven rivers, including one of the largest in India, the Brahmaputra. Rescue operations involving 15 teams of the National Disaster Response Force, assisted by the army and military aviation, bridges and roads damaged by floods complicate the rescue operation.

 

Rescue operations assisted by Indian authorities, according CNN

In Nepal, authorities report the death of 78 people, 32 missing and more than 16 thousand families evacuated by the floods. The intense monsoon rains have caused floods and landslides throughout the country. Rescuers have rescued people trapped on roofs in inflatable boats, search and rescue efforts have intensified, with the mobilization of several federal agencies, the Nepal army and paramilitary forces, according to official sources. There are regions in Nepal that have recorded accumulated rainfall exceeding 400 mm.

In Bangladesh, a third of the country is flooded because in about 14 rivers the level of the water exceeds the level of its channel, especially in the Brahmaputra River, leaving at least 45 dead and more than 100 thousand victims. The situation in the Rohingya refugee settlements of Cox Bazar, where some 700,000 people live, is worrying as some 100,000 have been displaced by the monsoon, and there are already two dead..

Flash floods have also hit Pakistan, which borders India to the west and reported 28 deaths according to the authorities in that country,.

Climate change has caused increasingly extreme seasons throughout South Asia with very dry periods and periods of abundant rainfall, which makes it increasingly necessary to carry out a comprehensive irrigation and drainage plan that guarantees the sustainable development of the agriculture and the sustainability of large population centers, and it is essential to improve urban drainage in densely populated regions.

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