Juan G. R. Floods in China in the summer of 2016.
Water and Irrigation Vol.: 7, No. 1: 23-25, October, 2016, Spain.
Summer and spring of 2016 in China have been characterized by a great storm activity and typhoons affecting large areas. Floods and bad weather have caused more than 600 dead or missing, affecting 30 provinces, have been evacuated hundreds of thousands of people. More than 6.5 million hectares of crops have been flooded, some 300,000 homes were destroyed or were damaged, torrential rains have affected businesses, infrastructure, roads, communication networks and power grids Economic losses are estimated at more than 30,000 million euros.
Typhoon Megi caused 4 deaths and 524 wounded passing through Taiwan where it left 1000 mm of precipitation and more than 2.5 million homes without power on September 27, is the third storm to hit the island in two weeks, then the torrential rains cause landslides and provoke the death of 27 people in Zhejiang province of China.
Typhoon Malakas the sixteenth typhoon of the 2016 season in the Pacific, first hits in Taiwan and Japan’s Ryukyu Islands where leave accumulated rains in 24 hours of 578 mm in the latter on 20 September, then it moves in the direction of Japan, is the sixth typhoon landfall this year in that country, leaving at least 36 injured and one missing as it passes through the south and west, where in some areas reached registering more than 100 millimeters of rain per hour.
Major flooding in Beijing as a result of heavy rain storm that hit the Chinese capital on 20 September, leaving at least 37 dead and 7 missing. Many say that the great damage would be reduced if a timely warning system was conducted and if will have a network of efficient urban drainage, which also saved many human lives.
The typhoon Meranti has entered China and has brought torrential rainfall in regions of Taiwan, Fujian and Zhejiang provinces in east China. At least four zones have been higher rainfall Taiwan 200 mm in 24 hours. According to the part of the September 14 Center Typhoon Warning (Joint Typhoon Warning Center JTWC) super typhoon Meranti, with winds of about 300 km. / H and a pressure at its center of 900 millibars, heads to China and it has become the second strongest typhoon in the western Pacific history after typhoon Haiyan ravaged the Philippines in 2013. Behind Meranti comes another typhoon named Malakas.
The Lionrock typhoon hit land on August 30 in Ofunato in Japan, with rain in 24 hours 106mm leaving 11 dead, caused widespread flooding and landslides in North Korea where it left 133 dead. In China, the typhoon caused floods that lasted several days in the northeastern provinces Heilongjiang, Jilin, Liaoning and eastern Inner Mongolia. Floods were also reported in eastern Russia.
Dianmu typhoon is moving west at 20 kilometers per hour, it is the eighth typhoon to visit China so far this year. Dianmu hits Guandong province, where the Aug. 18 landfall causing extensive flooding. On the island of Hainan more than 40,000 people have been evacuated, the vast majority of public transport services have been suspended. Leizhou, on the continent, it has also been completely flooded.
Typhoon Nida, the fourth this season affecting the Asian giant, arrived at the Chinese coast on August 1, with winds up to 151 kilometers per hour and at a speed of about 25 kilometers per hour. After passing through Hong Kong, Nida was downgraded to a tropical storm, many cities in the region of the Pearl River Delta in China, prepare for the impact, the typhoon is heading to mainland China, it is gradually moving to the hinterland of Guangdong province. Nida also called tropical storm Carina, hit the Philippines on Saturday with heavy rains affecting the northern regions by flash floods and landslides.
Heavy rains that hit this week central China have affected more than 680,000 people in Hubei, where ten localities have been flooded and 250,000 people remain trapped in the city of Tianmen, while in the northern province of Hebei, which surrounds Beijing, the death toll rose yesterday within hours to over a hundred, the central province of Henan is also affected by the storm. The death toll from precipitation of this last week has now reached 126 in the north and center of the country according to the latest official data from July 24. Local authorities in a press conference stressed that the rains are the most damaging since the late 90s and apologized for the inadequate response to the storm.
According to the National Meteorological Center July 21, storms hit the provinces of Sichuan, Guizhou, Hunan, Hubei, Anhui, Jiangsu, Henan, Shanxi, Shandong and Hebei provinces and municipalities of Chongqing, Tianjin and Beijing. The water level reached a height of 129 millimeters, with a maximum of 334 mm recorded in the suburban Fangshan District. Tianjin, Liaoning, Jilin, Inner Mongolia and Yunnan, with accumulated rainfall of over 200 millimeters in some regions: storms in other parts of the country as forecast.
Heavy floods in China have killed 270 people and another 100 have disappeared, affecting in recent days more than 1508 districts of 28 provinces. The middle and lower sections of Yangtze River on July 15 even recorded areas exceeding alert levels. Around 5.5 million hectares of crops have been flooded, and some 150,000 houses were destroyed. Economic losses are estimated at 20,000 million euros, according to Chinese news agency Xinhua.
In the last five days of rain on the Yangtse River and its tributaries, 128 people have died and 42 are missing, according to the official Xinhua news agency. Since the beginning of the rainy season in early summer, especially in central, east and south of the country, the figure rises to 186 dead in total, while 33 million people have been affected by the floods, according the chain of state television CCTV. Chinese meteorological authorities blamed in part to Typhoon Nepartak the first of this season, with winds up to 190 kilometers per hour and gusts of up to 234 kilometers per hour, on the island of Taiwan and touches down on July 9 in the province Fujian, has left torrential rains in other regions of China, a farmer in Bailin city lost 6,000 pigs.
Activity storms and typhoons in China, spring 2016.
In the central province of Hubei, June 20 accumulate rains were recorded during two days of 251 millimeters per square meter, which caused the collapse of houses, bridges, dams and roads, and flooding of fields, there are 12 missing, authorities have had to evacuate 400 thousand people.
From mid-spring of 2016, on May 11 and the ravages of bad weather they felt. The floods caused at least 66 dead, 11 missing and 95 thousand people had to be evacuated due to heavy storms and floods in southern China. Heavy rains and flooding caused in some areas damaged 268,000 hectares of crops, of which 28,300 were completely destroyed, 5,200 houses were destroyed and 74,000 damaged, total economic losses of about 820 million of dollars are calculated. One of the most affected provinces has been the coastal province of Fujian, according to the Ministry of Civil Affairs of China.
The climatic conditions of the months of March and April in China have raised fears the experts to the Yangtze River, the largest river in Asia, will suffer major floods this year, the warming of the sea this season surface is the largest since they began the measurements in 1951. it is considered that between May and August rainfall in the Yangtze River basin, where approximately 400 million people, are above average, the southern half of the country suffers each summer floods that provoke great economic losses and deaths, according to Xinhua.