Juan G. R. Floods in China of spring and summer 2015.
Water and Irrigation Vol .: 6, No. 1: 23-26, October, 2015, Spain.
Typhoons and tropical storms in the summer of 2015 affected Chinese provinces in the east, central south and southwest of the country. Heavy flooding triggered house collapses, landslides and loss of life and economic damage. In Zhejiang Province, fell rainfall of 645 mm in 24 hours, during the summer, provinces in the east, central south and southwest of the country was affected, further development of meteorological phenomena corresponded to the months of July and August have is affected 52% of all activity. The death toll in floods in China from 21 to May 25 rose to 57 dead and 13 people missing in the mountainous districts in six provinces and autonomous regions, forcing tens of thousands to flee their homes, causing serious damage to buildings and agricultural areas. Heavy spring rains caused major flooding and affected provinces in the east, central south and southwest of the country.
The cyclone activity in the Pacific began early in January 2015, with a balance until the beginning of autumn to 11 typhoons 8 tropical storms and 6 tropical depressions, further development of meteorological phenomena corresponded to the months of July and August have 52 % of all activity during those two months.
Typhoons and tropical storms in the summer of 2015.
The typhoon Goni, described as a very strong meteorological agency, traveled to 24 miles per hour on August 24 in northwest China with an atmospheric pressure of 940 hPa, heavy rains causing flooding in the southeastern provinces of China, passing through the Philippines left 15 dead, finally the typhoon does not enter China and heads to Japan, according to the JMA.
The typhoon Soudelor affected eastern China on August 11 and its passage caused 21 dead and five missing. The National Meteorological Centre described the typhoon as the strongest of the year with a minimum barometric pressure of 900 hPa. The strongest gusts of wind came to exceed 300 kilometers per hour. The heaviest rainfall for 100 years occurred in Wencheng County located in Zhejiang Province, where 645 millimeters of rainfall fell in 24 hours. Four people died in Anhui Province .In Zhejiang Province, 14 people died. swept away by heavy floods or crushed by collapsing houses In Fujian province, three people died and another is missing in a landslide. About 1.6 million people in the city of Wenzhu were affected by super typhoon Soudelor, who came to mainland China after hitting Taiwan, where six people were killed and 4 disappeared in April, according to official sources. Economic losses are estimated at more than 3 billion euros.
July was characterized by a large cyclone activity in the Pacific, but only some meteorological agencies landed in China. The Typhoon Chan-hom with a minimum pressure of 935 hPa, lasted from June 20 to July 13, it made landfall east China’s Zhejiang Province, causing flooding and economic damage. During his career fond of the Mariana Islands, the Philippines, Taiwan, China, Japan, Korea and the Russian Far East. Severe tropical storm Linfa, the system made landfall north of the city of Hong Kong in July 9, causing floods, storm and flooding also left economic damage in Philippines.
Floods caused by heavy rains in late June seriously affecting many provinces in central, south and east of China. Anhui and Jiangsu in the east, several rivers and lakes overflowed into the weekend. In Sichuan Province, located in southwest China’s worst floods in 17 years, caused by heavy rains they were recorded. Two hundred and forty thousand people had to be relocated within forty-eight towns. In the Shangcheng district in the central province of Henan, almost eight hundred residents have been evacuated by floods and landslides.
Torrential rains and flooding in the spring of 2015.
The death toll in floods in China from 21 to May 25 rose to 57 dead and 13 people missing in the mountainous districts in six provinces and autonomous regions, forcing tens of thousands to flee their homes, causing serious damage to buildings and agricultural areas. In Jiangxi Province, there are 450,000 affected and 65,000 displaced, with 1,655 homes destroyed. Heavy rains caused the largest flood of Meichuan river, while some 220,000 homes were without electricity. There are five dead and six missing in the Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region and floods affected some 200,000. In the provinces of Fujian, Guangdong and Guizhou, located in eastern, central south and southwest of the country were recorded flooding, according to official Chinese agency Xinhua.
In the city of Guiyang 16 dead people who died in the collapse of a nine-storey building after a mudslide, also 21 kindergarten students were sent to the hospital by a bus accident, according to the Guangxi government reported. In the central province of Hunan six people were killed when a bus collided with a barrier and overturned.
From June 9 to June 20, torrential rains roam the eastern and central provinces of southern China, flooding towns, overflowing rivers and damaging homes. According to the meteorological department of Jiangxi province located east, 12 municipalities in the province have experienced a downpour in which they have registered more than 100 millimeters.
Flooding from a farm which is located in south central China’s Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region, where rainfall of the last 20 hours have reached 390 milliliters, have caused the drowning of 16,000 pigs, the water rose so fast that no it was time to evict the animals. Thousands of dead pigs floating in the water. The pigs that survived the flood managed to reach the shore or up to the rooftops. Heavy rains have caused flooding in urban areas and farming areas, have caused landslides and the collapse of buildings. Heavy rainstorms in the autonomous region have killed eight people and the disappearance of three, officials said, according to Xinhua news agency. In March 2013, thousands of dead pigs floated on the Shanghai Huangpu River in the lower reaches of the Yangtze River, which caused panic among the public about the contamination of water sources in the city.
Storms and torrential rains left a total of five dead in the central province of Hubei, according to Chinese state media. In Hainan Province on June 20, the Kujira tropical storm provoked heavy rainfall with accumulated values of rainfall across the island of 102 mm with a peak of 732 millimeters.