El Niño reached its peak in late 2015.
Empresa Editora El Comercio, January 12, 2016, Lima, Peru.
El Niño is a phenomenon that is increasing the surface temperature of the Pacific Ocean, causing high temperatures in Asia and East Africa as well as heavy rains and flooding in several South American countries. The phenomenon of El Niño would be one of the strongest of the past fifty years. Brazil registered about 235,000 forest fires in 2015, 27.5% more than in 2014, experts attribute this increase to the effects of El Niño.
The phenomenon of El Niño, which can cause severe alterations in climate, floods or droughts, peaked between November and December 2015, according to the Japan Meteorological Agency. The Japanese meteorological office predicted that there is a strong probability that the weather will return to normal from next northern summer from June to September globally.
NASA, the US space agency released satellite images showing similarities between the current El Niño and a similar episode in 1997 and 1998 that generated strong natural disasters in various parts of the world. The El Niño phenomenon, which involves increasing the surface temperature of the Pacific Ocean, causing high temperatures in Asia and East Africa as well as heavy rains and flooding in several South American countries.
Meanwhile, Australia’s meteorological agency said last week that El Niño 2015-2016 course will be one of the strongest three of the last fifty years the highest recorded temperatures three degrees more than usual.
El Niño: Increased forest fires in Brazil.
Brazil registered about 235,000 forest fires in 2015, 27.5% more than in 2014 (184,000 bulbs), according to data released by the government. Experts attribute this rise to the phenomenon of El Niño.
Last year was the second most forest fires in Brazil since it started being recorded in 1999, just below the 2010 (249,000), according to data released by the National Institute of Space Studies of that country (INPE), which It measures the heat sources in the vegetation with the help of satellite images.
Most of the fires in 2015, however, concentrated in the last five months of the year, traditionally the least rainy period in Brazil, according to statistics from INPE. The drought of the last months of 2015 in the northern region of Brazil, mainly in the Amazon, was exacerbated this year by the El Niño phenomenon, characterized by warm equatorial waters of the Pacific Ocean and has effects on climate throughout the region.