V. Martinez R. Water requirements of banana crop.
Research Institute of Irrigation and Drainage. Havana, Cuba, 1998.
The banana cultivation is a characteristic of tropical and subtropical regions of the planet. It is distinguished by the high demand that is within the population, not only in producing countries that often use it as an exportable item, but also in those countries located in tropical areas, which get through imports. The response of various clones of bananas at different moisture levels and depths of wetting in a Red Ferrallitic Compacted soil was investigated.
We found that the banana crop responds well to irrigation as compared to no irrigated taken as a witness, with average yields for plantations in production: of 43.66 t / ha with irrigation and 9.54 t / ha without irrigation for the clone King Similar. Musa AAA; of 41.10 t / ha irrigated and 31.44 t / ha without irrigation for the Clone Tetraploid 64-2596. Musa AAAA; of 55,08 t / ha and 36.24 t/ha for the Clone Big Cavendish. Musa AAA; of 60.78 t / ha and 36.10 t / ha for the Great Dwarf. Musa AAA and of 30.80 t / ha and 24.56 t / ha for the Clone Censa ¾. Musa AAB respectively.
The water requirements of banana crop is affected by various factors such as weather, time of planting, varieties, leaf area, density, moisture level in the soil before irrigation, the layer of soil to moisten. The values achieved by the indicators of the regime irrigation, at different times of planting in conditions ranging from Cuba: 6083 m3/ha and 28 irrigations for banana plantations realized in March and 5404 m3/ha and 25 irrigations for those made in December.