In Nicaragua there is no good use of drinking water.
The New Journal | 23 January 2017 | Managua Nicaragua.
It is considered that in Nicaragua water is misused due to bad habits. Before 1950 in Nicaragua the people had the habit of harvesting the water, however this changed with the arrival of the system of pipes. Harvesting and reusing water in the urban sector is minimal, but in the countryside the farmers make stabilization ponds to reuse rainwater. According to the specialists the toilet is the one that the greater amount of water spends, followed by the washing machine and gardens irrigation. Currently, the central government is promoting an Adaptation of Agriculture to Climate Change Project through the water harvest. The project has an amount of $ 9.6 million, which is funded by the Swiss Cooperation for the Development.
The deputy director of the Center for Research on Aquatic Resources, Luis Moreno, believes that the country is misused to water due to our bad habits. We should not only think that the task of properly managing water is a question of the great industries. “Our small contribution in the home is long and gray water is a good option to reuse.”According to calculations by specialists the toilet is the one that the greater amount of water spends, followed by the washing machine, to irrigation gardens, to bathe and finally the washing of cars and utensils.
Currently, due to the effects of climate change, an efficient way to save water is its reuse, recommends Sergio Gámez, member of the Research Program, National Studies and Environmental Services.
In statistical terms, the number of people who harvest and reuse water in the country is minimal, this shows lack of interest and awareness on the part of Nicaraguans, says Gustavo Martínez, a water resources management technician at the Nicaraguan Foundation for Sustainable Development. Martínez says that for two years the government has been promoting some initiatives to make the population harvest water, but “less than 2% of Nicaraguans do it, but in the countryside, it is much more frequent. Especially because it is used for irrigation of crops. Farmers make stabilization ponds to reuse rainwater.
Before and now.
Sergio Gámez recalls that before 1950 the population of Managua was in the habit of harvesting rainwater, but after the installation of the drinking water piping system they lost that practice. It seems that it is easier to open the faucet than to be recycling or investing in gutters, storage tanks or even wells because before 1950 I remember that each house had its own well, “said the specialist.
Ecology Green website details that the grey waters are those that flow through the drain of the bathrooms, sinks, tubs, laundry, batteries, dishwashers or washing machines. These waters can be easily reused for a variety of uses, by simply applying a simple treatment. The most common of the uses that we can give it is to fill the tanks of the toilets, that do not require waters of great quality. But they can also be used for other uses, such as irrigation of green areas or cleaning the exterior of the house, “Green Ecology revealed.
“The idea is to extend the life cycle of water,” said Gustavo Martínez, who also mentions that to reuse the gray water, it is only necessary to connect the drains with a fairly simple system. Martinez recommends that “we put a tank under the sink or laundress so that we collect the water coming from the drain. Then we filter it through a tube until we reach the toilet cistern and use it to drain the physiological needs.
Sergio Gámez, also a professor at the National University of Engineering, says that the street, sidewalk, garden and car do not need to be watered or washed with drinking water. For that reason, the specialist added that “on the edges of the zinc of our houses we locate some gutters, they will transport the rainwater through a tube to a pile, which could well be placed in the yard to be stored. That water is good for everything in general. ”
Currently, the central government promotes through the Ministry of Economy Family, Cooperative and Associative the project Adapting agriculture to climate change through the harvesting of water in pools in different departments of the country. The project has an amount of US $ 9.6 million, which is funded by the Swiss Development Cooperation, which also aims to increase resilience to the effects of climate change and climatic variability of families with problems accessing water in the Dry Corridor.
In total 1,500 families participate in the departments of Madriz, Estelí, Nueva Segovia, Matagalpa, Boaco, Chontales, Jinotega, León, Granada, Rivas, Carazo, Masaya and Managua. Among the benefits of harvesting water are that farmers have water for crops in times of drought, water for animals to consume and also for household chores.
Environmentalist Kamilo Lara, president of the National Recycling Forum, says that people can make small biofilters from their homes. “We only need a tank, hoses, granulated coal, fine sand and coarse sand, gravel, cotton cloth, a grate and a tank to collect dirty water,” we must promote environmental education campaigns. The fact that we have plenty of water does not give us the right to waste it.