Juan G.R. The Congo River can alleviate food crisis and migration to parts of Africa
Water and Irrigation. Vol: 5, No. 1: 27-28, August 2014, Spain.
The Congo River has a length of 4667 Kilometer and a basin area of 3.7 million km2, with an average expenditure of 41300 m3 / s, is the second river in the world. This suggests that African regions with surplus water can to help with water to other parts of Africa with water problems and to mitigate the effects of hunger, food production and migration. The African Union must carefully analyze the crisis: food, water and humanitarian looming short-term as well as the high rate of growth of the African population and study solutions to help mitigate these effects, the scale of the issue is necessary for the United Nations, the African Union and the European Union to participate in solving the problems, since much of immigration will go mainly to other African countries and to different countries of the European Union.
The Congo River has a length of 4667 kilometer and a basin area of 3.7 million km2, with an average expenditure of 41300 m3 / second, which is the second river in the world after the Amazon river flow. The Congo River rises in the Democratic Republic of Congo and moves through it and the border of the Republic of Congo, has tributaries in the Central African Republic, Angola and Cameroon finally empties into the Atlantic Ocean from Angola.
It is the largest river in Central Africa, it has over 1700 kilometer of navigable river and the second largest river in Africa after the Nile River. Climate of the Democratic Republic of Congo is equatorial, extremely hot and humid, with the exception of upland regions. The annual rainfall is 1525 mm in the north and 1270 mm in the south, which contributes to the great medium runoff Congo Basin.
The Central Africa has about 145 million inhabitants and is composed of: Democratic Republic of the Congo, Republic of Congo, Angola, Gabon, Sao Tome and Principe, Equatorial Guinea, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Chad, and South Sudan, is the region Africa with less water stress index, around 9500 m3/habitante, indicating that this region has sufficient water resources and could give water to other nearby watersheds with water deficit.
Africa currently has a population of about 1100 million with a growth rate of population over 2.0%, indicating that the population is growing three times that in developed countries, which is considered unacceptable, with average birth index for Africa of 4.5 children per woman, the highest of all continents and brings consequences that the little
birth control threat to sustainability of the population in Africa and the planet earth that beyond 7100 million. The increase in world population means more consumption: Foods, raw materials, materials, energy, water, supplies of all kinds etc, evil birth control will cause irreversible damage to the African continent which signals corresponding to the UN and all those affected and involved countries to take the necessary measures for birth control to ensure social welfare and sustainability of humanity.
It is estimated that in 2020 about 60 million people migrate from desertified areas of Africa to North Africa and Europe in 2025 as a result of climate change and human activity is considered to decrease food production in Africa, and that will be lost by desertification, deforestation and lack of water much of the arable land, implying that the lack of food, hunger and migration will increase markedly. Combating drought requires promote efficient water use in cities; improve water management and water reuse, this demands that African regions with surplus water can to help with water to other parts of Africa with water problems and to mitigate the effects of famine and emigration.
The African Union must carefully analyze the crisis: food, water and a looming humanitarian short term as well as the high rate of population growth and study solutions to help mitigate these effects, the scale of the issue is necessary for the United Nations, the African Union and the European Union to participate in solving the problem as much of the immigration will go mainly to other African countries and to different countries of the European Union.