Juan G. R. The water problem in Spain needs greater unity of action.
Water and Irrigation Volume 1, Nº 1: 8-9, 2010, Spain.
The water problem in Spain needs a more coordinated drive on water resources and their exploitation, with increased state control over water, which should reduce the demands of autonomy on water resources, because this causes regions constant conflict over water, a water war between communities, a clash of different political parties, extend the decision-making, is difficult to use water more rationally and collectively affect water demands of the Spanish people.
The status of Aragon Community in water includes the right of this to: provide sufficient water to meet present and future needs as well as public authorities, in accordance with the principle of basin unit Ebro River, must avoid any transfer of waters from the watersheds that flow through Aragon. Also is attributed the power in planning and water management, as well as participation in the bodies of state management of watersheds with the right to a mandatory report before any work or transfer project. In the additional provisions of the statute includes a water reservoir 6550 cubic hectometres for the exclusive use of the Aragon’s people.—- The Community of Castilla La Mancha in the field of water will pass a statute that empowers the management of Tajo and Jucar rivers and also calls for a water reservoir of 4000 cubic hectometres to meet future demands of that community, and the expiration of Tajo-Segura transfer. These are the aspects that clash against the interests of the Valencia Community and the Autonomous Region of Murcia. Finally, the Statute of Castilla La Mancha was not approved because the claims of water affect the water rights from other regions.
The status of Andalucia Community on water considers the autonomous community holds exclusive jurisdiction over the Guadalquivir River Basin, subject to overall planning of the hydrological cycle, the basic rules on environmental protection, and hydraulic public works of general interest. as well as the community takes, transfer or delegation, the enforcement powers of the state competition in the Guadalquivir Basin. In the Statute of Catalonia is considered that all public works to be carried out in Catalonia, so a possible transfer of the Ebro basin shall be binding upon the report to make environmental impact assessment, which depend on the environmental report carried out by the Generalitat. The statute of Valencia is considered that the people of Valencia are entitled to have sufficient supply of quality water and also recognized the right to receive redistribution of surplus water from surplus basins to water resources in response to sustainability principle.
Of analysis on the water matter in the statutes, it appears that in some communities, the autonomous governments have the right to retain and decide the fate of the water flowing through its territory, to demand water reserves, but generally rivers pass through different communities, so it is very complex that in some communities can decide on the destinies of water to other communities, so it is necessary that within the water problem in Spain is to strengthen state control in water management in order to be able to pool the resources and existing institutions and enable them to streamline decision making in the various activities dedicated to water development in the country with the possibility of creating a National Institute of Water Resources that has a greater control and hierarchy on the surface and groundwater resources of the country, since water is an increasingly valuable resource and essential for the population, agriculture, tourism, industry, construction, power generation, combating desertification and sustainable as an integral part of the environment. The water and agriculture are aspects to should be considered as strategic by the state and which are crucial for sustainable development in Spain, essential for the support of people and are essential building blocks for the harmonious development of other sectors of the economy.
In the Spanish constitution provides for the exclusive competence of government: legislation, regulation and concession of hydraulic resources when the water flow through more than one community, so that the state should exercise greater control over water and must limit the power of autonomy on water resources, as this causes a constant conflict of the regions for the water, a water war between communities, a constant clash of different political parties, extend the decision-making, difficulty more rational use of water and affect water demands of the Spanish people. The role of autonomy should be limited to the management of water resources that have been allocated by the central government through the national institution dedicated to water.