Juan G. R. Effect of flooding and drought in China in 2013 .
Water and Irrigation, Vol 4, No. 1 : 25-27, October, 2013 , Spain .
Heavy rain , high activity of typhoons during the spring , summer and autumn in 2013 , have caused major flooding mainly in the provinces located in the south, east, northeast , southwest China. Since July, a third part of China has been experiencing temperatures above 35 degrees Centigrade and some areas have suffered the worst heat wave in 140 years. In total about seven hundred million people have been affected . There have been many cases of heat stroke and dozens of people have died from causes related to the high temperatures , which in some places have come to reach 44 degrees . With the heat , the drought has come to several provinces of China. The economic damage as a result of flooding and drought totaling more than 32 billion euros.
– Yuyao City , located in east China’s Zhejiang Province , has suffered the worst floods in a century. Yuyao is among the most affected by Typhoon Fitow , the 10th of October was 501 mm rainfall recorded in the city , 70 percent of the city center was flooded .
More than 830,000 people in 21 towns of the city have been affected by the disaster , but there have been no fatalities, according to the state news agency Xinhua . Three days before the typhoon ” Fitow ” landed in Fujian province , eastern China, in the early hours of the day 7 0ctober , accompanied by winds of up to 151 kilometers per hour, the National Meteorological Center reported . Cities such as Fuzhou and Sanming in Fujian recorded more than 200 millimeters of rain.
– In the third decade of September typhoons activity intensifies. Super Typhoon Usagi hit Hong Kong on September 23, 2013 , forcing the closure of schools, city beaches , and disrupting hundreds of flights . Typhoon Usagi hit the region with a toll of 25 dead in the country’s southeast . Another typhoon, Wutip , the number 21 that affects Asia, on August 30 there were 72 missing between China and Vietnam for the purposes of this typhoon. During the first and second decade of September, the weather effect becomes more tenuous , but at the beginning of this stage some flooding occurred .
– During the third decade of August, the forecasts of rainfall in the Northeast will not be as hard in the next ten days as they have been recently , communicate Chen Zhenlin , spokesman of China Meteorological Administration . In the south of the country , things are more complicated , since July, one third of China has been experiencing temperatures above 35 degrees Centigrades and some areas have suffered the worst heat wave in 140 years. In total , seven million people have been affected . There have been many cases of heat stroke and dozens of people have died from causes related to the high temperatures , which in some places have come to reach 44 degrees . With the heat , droughts have come to Guizhou , Hunan and other provinces. On August 22 , more than five million hectares of arable land had been affected . On 23 , the storm Trami passed Fujian Province , causing torrential rains in many parts of the region .
– In the second decade of August, the victims by heavy rains in northeastern China and utor typhoon in the South are dozens. The summer storms that occur in the country and have left economic damage amounting to some 26 thousand 500 million dollars. Local newspaper China Daily reported that floods and landslides that occur in China have left 575 dead and about 340 missing persons. As reported by the official Xinhua news agency , the worst floods in decades have killed 37 people and the disappearance of 32 more , and the evacuation of tens thousands of residents in the three northeastern provinces : Heilongjiang , Jilin and Liaoning. Most of the victims were residents of the town of Fushun , Liaoning where hundreds of homes were submerged after 400 millimeters of rain fell in 24 hours. The heavy rains have increased the flow of the major rivers of region: the Amur , the Songhua and Ussuri , which have overflowed in some areas and severely damaged some 50,000 homes. – Only in the northwest of the country , the number of victims was about three million , authorities have sent more than 5000 troops from the People’s Liberation Army to the affected areas . The regions of northeast China become in the summer in major grain producing country , so flooding is feared that harm crops and grain production during the autumn months . While the Northeast is suffering its worst flooding in decades , the rains do not let the citizens of the South, which still suffer from the effects of Typhoon Utor , which affected the provinces of Guangdong and Guangxi. It is expected that some areas of Guangxi recorded 100 mm rainfall , while both the central and eastern China this summer have a major heat wave . Marked record temperatures along the Yangtze and Huai rivers , especially in Sichuan Province and Chongqing Municipality . The thermometer topped 35 degrees in most of the affected regions, with a maximum of up to 39 and 40 degrees Centigrade.
– At the end of the first decade of August, the border crossing Russia and China share in the northeastern part of China Daheihe situated on the island located in the river Heilongijiang , has been completely flooded. The river water levels continue to grow. The floods have affected millions of people and have wrecked nearly a million hectares of arable land.
– During the third decade of July, torrential rains continue to plague China’s Shaanxi Province . Floods in China this year left at least 337 people dead and 213 missing , due to a very rainy summer . This year ‘s floods hit 30 provinces and municipalities , and affected more than 47 million inhabitants , according to authorities deal with such emergencies . Of the confirmed deaths , 202 , 60% of the total, was due to landslides on slopes and hills by softening of the ground because of the rains. Rainfall in China reached June 1 to July 15 an average of 165.4 millimeters, the highest in this period of five years. The central region of China has been the most affected .
– Over 7 million people have been affected by floods in the provinces of Shaanxi and Sichuan , located northeast and southwest of China as the news of July 18, 2013 from local agencies . The heavy rains that began on July 7 have caused the overflowing of the Yangtze and Yellow rivers , killing 83 people and leaving at least 182 missing. The high standards achieved by water have also caused the collapse of more than 250,000 homes and destroyed bridges, roads and buildings in both provinces . To prevent further disasters , local authorities have relocated about 268,000 people in Sichuan and Shaanxi 240,000 . The Department of Civil Affairs of the government has sent teams to the provinces to help those affected by the floods. – According to Chinese state media Beijing July 16, 2013 , the most affected is the province of Sichuan , where a landslide caused 58 deaths , they have to be added to the 108 dead and 183 missing after Typhoon Soulik pass by the southeast and interior of China. The typhoon , the seventh that shakes the country so far this year , was accompanied by heavy rain and caused flooding and landslides in several provinces of the country, mainly in coastal Guangdong , Zhejiang and Fujian. The typhoon has affected nearly one million people in China , according to official dates.Also reported the death of 26 people by floods in the northern tip of China, in the region of Inner Mongolia.
– During the first ten days of July heavy rains for a week has caused a massive landslide in southwest China’s Sichuan province . In the town of Zhongxing a landslide caused the collapse of about one and a half million cubic meters of mud , rocks and debris that buried eleven houses. Local authorities have mobilized hundreds of firefighters to try to rescue and evacuate people still trapped . – In early July the death toll from heavy rains and flooding in some regions of China increased to 157, while 16 others are still missing , the rains affected 27 million people across the country. authorities said flood control through Xinhua. Also 1.86 million hectares of crops and about 60 thousand houses eventually destroyed after being flooded by heavy rains , the economic losses are estimated at 4,530 million dollares.
-In the second decade of May, heavy rains affecting southern China have caused flooding and at least 55 people have died in the floods that ravaged for days in the southernmost provinces There are nine provinces on high alert , among them , Guangdong and Fujian , the most affected , in total there are over a million and half people who can not return to their homes . In some places , the water has already reached two meters.
– The heavy rains caused the end of April , in the Guangxi Autonomous Region in southern China, floods and landslides , five people were killed, 63 houses collapsed, 117 houses suffered damage, there were 208,000 homeless and more 10,000 displaced , as reported by the state news agency Xinhua .
– It was made great efforts the Chinese government in the fight against floods and drought, but the problem of floods hit stronger than drought is necessary to further increase : the drainage of agricultural areas , the protection of cities against floods , cleaning of canals and waterways , cleaning of reservoirs , removal of silt that drag the tributaries and rivers. Many cities in China are densely populated and sewers must be recalculated for water evacuation of cities in shorter time, to reduce flood damage and cope with the new challenges of climate change. Must increased afforestation in the basins of the rivers , should be emphasized slopes restocking populated areas to reduce damage by mud . The economic damage as a result of floods and drought in 2013 are estimated at more than 32 billion euros.