World Day against the drought, a call to promote efficient use of water.
Published MinCI, 17/06/2014, Venezuela.
Near 1500 million people around the world live on land in the process of degradation, and 42% of the planet’s poorest inhabitants survive in areas already degraded. Desertification and drought come to destabilize entire regions. It is estimated that by 2020 about 60 million people migrated from the desertified areas of Africa to North Africa and Europe, in the year 2025 is considered that it will decrease the production food in Africa since two-thirds of the arable land is lost, only would be feed 25% of its population, implying that migration will increase significantly. The fight against drought, required to promote the efficient use of water in the cities; promote and encourage the reuse of water, improve water management and use more drought-resistant crops.
The 17 of June, every year, celebrated the world day to combat desertification and drought, date established in 1994 by the United Nations General Assembly, which marks at the same time the anniversary of the adoption of the United Nations Convention to combat desertification. Desertification affects over 110 countries and each year are lost 6 million hectares of productive land, according data managed by the Environmentalists in action at Spain organization.
Nearly one thousand 500 million people worldwide live in lands that are in the process of degradation, and almost half of the poorest inhabitants of the planet 42% survive in areas already degraded. Degradation of the land makes these places the most insecure in the world. In some cases, this uncertainty may destabilize entire regions.
It is estimated that by 2020 about 60 million people migrated from the desertified areas of sub-Saharan Africa to North Africa and Europe, according data UN. In 2025 two-thirds of the arable land in Africa will be lost, so it only would be to feed 25% of its population.
Degradation of land, caused or exacerbated by climate change, not only represents a threat to livelihoods, but also a threat to peace and stability, said Ban Ki-moon, the UN Secretary-General.
Being the most important consequences of desertification the food production decrease, infertility and salinization of the soil, reducing natural resilience of Earth, and shortage of water, the FAO warned in 2011 that the degradation of the ground has an estimated cost of $ 40 billion worldwide, without considering the increase of the hidden costs of the use of fertilizers and the loss of biodiversity.
This phenomenon, drought, affecting more people than any other form of natural disaster, it is required to promote the efficient use of water in cities, to foment and encourage the reuse of water; control the over exploitation of aquifers and monitor the behaviour of the same; promote the use of low water demand crops and encourage the application of advanced techniques of irrigation; in addition to boosting the uptake of rainwater, especially in the cities.