Water crisis in Chile causes the water to become blue gold with desert encroachment.
Bloomberg, July 6, 2015, the first digital diary, Chile.
The producers of the previously fertile valleys of Choapa and Limari rivers in Chile, which for generations lived on agriculture are destroying their orchards, losing livestock and in some cases abandoning their homes in both dry wells and water courses are reduced minimum. It is likely to pass to Santiago de Chile a desert or semidesert situation. What is happening is probably related to global warming and shows no signs of stopping, the drought continues for the eighth year amid global temperatures at record highs. If it does not rain in July, the year will be lost, crops will be affected, we need at least 400 to 500 millimeters so that the situation returns to normal.
The driest desert in the world is growing and settling on their way to the capital of Chile. Santiago, a city of 7 million people 1,000 kilometers of the Atacama Desert, is experiencing its driest year since 1966. As the situation in California with the Sierra Nevada, it has barely snowed in the mountains of the Andes that provide most of the water to Santiago. Climatic zones are changing in the south, geography professor at the University of Chile, Francisco Fernando said. Santiago is likely to go to a desert or semidesert situation. What is happening is probably related to global warming and shows no signs of stopping.
Santiago has only to look about 300 kilometers north to see how far things may worsen as the drought continues for the eighth year amid global temperatures at record highs. The producers of the previously fertile valleys of the rivers Choapa and Limari lived for generations in agriculture are destroying their orchards, losing livestock and in some cases abandoning their homes in both dry wells and water courses are reduced to a trickle .
Near the source of Limari River, La Paloma reservoir-the largest in Latin America for irrigation-it is almost empty. Discharge valve are closed, the scarce remaining water does not reach the dam and most of the basin is cracked dry earth. The image is repeated 30 kilometers away, where the reservoir is empty Cogoti. Closer to Santiago, the dam Culimo dry. Around the valleys of the rivers, the fields are full of avocado tree stumps that once were productive and almond trees. The vines are dry straw stems.
In search of water or blue gold, Adolfo Cortes has drilled five wells on his farm of 187 hectares near Ovalle. None have produced usable supplies. With 25 years on the farm, Cortes, 68, had never seen anything like it. It destroyed 122 fruit trees and says that will get the remaining if the water levels in the Limari down more. If it does not rain in July, the year will be lost, he said, looking toward barren fields that once produced almonds and oranges. We need at least 400 to 500 millimeters so that the situation returns to normal, a few showers will not help.
Since 2010, Santiago has received only a third of the average rainfall as climate phenomenon La Niña stop weather fronts will advance from the south, said Jason Nichols, senior meteorologist for Accuweather Inc. However, it is possible that the Niña is not the only reason. One suspects that something else is going on because it was very persistent long, Nicholls said, referring to global warming.