19 water reserves will create in 11 states of Mexico
El Diario mx | 08/04/2013 | Mexico
For first time, Mexico will water reserve for the exclusive benefit of the environment. This measure implies that these reserves may not be used to supply new housing or industrial uses, the federal government provides enact in the next six years 19 reservations in basins of 11 states. In Mexico, by law, water is considered a national asset managed by the state.
Eugenio Barrios, director of the Water Program of the World Wildlife Fund, said that the concept of reserves provides a volume of water that can not be concessioned to any other use. Its purpose is exclusively maintained in the rivers themselves. What is sought is to ensure a range of environmental services associated with fluid flow ranging from ecological zones connectivity to the self-preservation of wetlands and habitats. He remarked that the water problem is not quantity but inefficient management, which has led that pressure on the liquid increase.
In Mexico, by law, water is considered a national asset managed by the state. For extraction from surface sources such as rivers and lakes, and groundwater authorization is required or a concession by the National Water Commission (Conagua). But, with this program, the federal government provides enact in the next six years 19 reserves in basins of 11 states, reported the Commission. So far, only had contemplated the use of water to supply the population or agriculture. Henceforth, however, administration of fluid also consider their use for the conservation of biodiversity and ecosystem services.
Felipe Arreguin, deputy director of Conagua said that no users have this resource for a purpose other than environmental. He explained that there is still determining how it will perform the monitoring mechanism and preservation of reserves. What we did was start to analyze what were those places where the water had to be reserved for the environment. In the future, if there comes a builder and want to make thousands of homes and fill the water, it will not be able to use it.
According to the National Institute of Ecology and Climate Change, 66 percent of the surface of Mexico watersheds have high to extreme deterioration. Currently, groundwater available in the country are concentrated in 653 aquifers, of which 101 are overexploited. Surface water (rivers, lakes and ponds) are available 731 basins and are the more exploited are in the Valley of Mexico, Balsas and the Grande river.
The 19 water reservoirs be located at:
Grijalva-Usumacinta basin, 10 reserves (Tabasco and Chiapas)
Papaloapan River, 2 reserves (Oaxaca and Veracruz)
Piaxtla River (Durango and Sinaloa)
Purification River (Tamaulipas)
Conchos-Frills River (Chihuahua)
Candelaria River (Campeche and the Yucatan Peninsula)
Panuco River (Veracruz and Tamaulipas)
Mamantel River (Campeche)
San Pedro River Mezquital (Nayarit)