Coronavirus -19 in Spain during spring 2020 and climatic factors

Results of the comparative study of the evolution of the coronavirus in Spain and the Valencian Community are given during spring 2020, The number of maximum infected with coronavirus was on March 25, with a peak value of 9630 / day in Spain and 449 / day in the Valencian Community, then from the month of May contagions began to decrease due to the effect of confinement and the increase in temperature, reaching the minimum values ​​in the month of June with values ​​between 177-99 / day for Spain and from 39 to 11 / day for the Valencian Community. At the end of June, Spain registered 248,970 infections and 28,355 deaths, CV 18,339 infections and 1,475 deaths. The temperature in Spain followed the same trend as China in the cold period with low temperatures the coronavirus developed later the contagion by the virus was decreasing due to the increase in temperature and the favorable effects of confinement. The confinement caused that with the lack of activities the flow of urine was decreased in Phase No. 1, which is from 1.0 AM to 10.0 AM and it was necessary to increase the water by 200 ml / day. Juan G.R. and Juan P., J.A. Coronavirus -19 in Spain during spring 2020 and climatic factors. Water and Irrigation Vol.: 11, No. 1: 49-52, September 19, 2020. Spain.

The first coronavirus outbreak in the world originated in the city of Wuhan, in the Chinese province of Hubei on September 16, 2019, according to Chinese information sources then it spread to different Chinese provinces and later gradually to different countries in Asia. , Europe, America, Africa and Australia.

At the end of December 2019, the virus began to spread through France and Italy, later in January it spread through different countries of the European Union, according to European information sources. On February 24, 2020, it was when the virus appeared on the Spanish peninsula according to information sources in Spain.

The WHO publishes its first part on epidemic outbreaks related to the new virus on January 5, 2020, a technical publication of reference for the global research and public health community and the media. The director general of the World Health Organization (WHO), Tedros Adhanom, declared on Wednesday, March 11, that the coronavirus covid-19 goes from being an epidemic to a pandemic.

The Pangolin is the mammal that could transmit the coronavirus in China according to research by the University of South China and is considered the intermediate carrier of the new strain of coronavirus.

The behavior of the coronavirus worldwide according to international information sources, the media and public health in different countries is as follows: 01/30. WHO declares a public health emergency  03/13. The WHO assures that Europe is the new epicenter of the pandemic.04/28. The US exceeds one million registered coronavirus cases.05/22. The WHO places South America as the new epicenter of the pandemic.06/28. 10 million infections and half a million deaths are reported worldwide.09/18. The WHO reports that the contagion by coronavirus in the world evolves very quickly, there are already 30.1 million infected and 947,000 deaths.

In China, 4 climatic zones predominate, two to the west: The Himalayan heights and dry climate deserts in the middle latitudes, 2 to the east: humid continental climate to the north and humid subtropical climate to the south. Wuhan located on the banks of the Yangtze River is the center of the epicenter of the virus and is between these two humid climates, close to the subtropical climate. Asian scientists have investigated that in the conditions of China the temperature and relative humidity can influence the spread of the coronavirus: the low temperature favors the development of the virus, for each degree that the temperature increases it contributes to its reduction, when the humidity Relative increases make its transmission difficult, if the relative humidity decreases the spread of the virus is greater.

On the other hand, there are studies on coronaviruses that report that high temperatures do not affect the spread and transmission of the virus, these investigations were carried out in 144 regions of the world until 03/27/2020, according to the Canadian Medical Association Journal.

Table No 1. Coronavirus behavior spring 2020 in Spain and climatic factors.

Date 2020 Contagions Cont. T RH BP Observations
Spain CV CV CV
/day / day ªC  % hPa
March
4-3 57 4 L L          HM Control start
10-3 622 13 L LM           H Confinement 15/3
22-3 3394 241 L          H L 70% of patients are over 60 years old
25-3 9630 449 L LM LM Peak contagions March
31-3 7967 398 L LM L 60% deceased is over 79 years old
Abril
5-4 5478 283 L LM                    LM Alarm state is extended
10-4 5051 367 LM L          HM Spain registers total of 5051 infections and 15,843 deaths
22-4 4211 172              HM L L Extension Covid-19 alarm status.
30-4 3108 242         HM LM LM 70% infected are over 50 years old
May
4-5 1179 133          H         HM LM Spain starts Phase 0
10-5 1887 164          H         H L Spain is in Phase-1
18-5   469   44          H         HM          HM Day18-P1 and 28-P2 CV
21-5   344   38          H LM LM Great part of the country in in Phase 1
29-5  187   44          H LM LM 70 % Spain is in P-2
June
5-6 177 11          H L L
10-6  167  15         HM          H LM 60% Spain is in P-3
22-6  125    5          H L LM Great part of the Country in in Phase-3
30-6   99  39          H          H L Highest% Country F-3
30-6 Spain have a total of 248,970 infections and 28,355 deaths
30-6 CV registers 18,339 infections and 1,475 deaths
De-escalation

Calendar Phases

F-0 from 4-10 May
F-1 from 11-24 May
F-2 25/5 to 7 June
F-3 from 8-21 June

Legend: CV- Valencian Community, T- Temperature, RH-Relative Humidity

BP- Barometric Pressure B-Low, BM-Low Moderate, H-High and HM-High Moderate

The results of the study make a comparison of the evolution of the coronavirus in Spain and the Valencian Community during spring 2020, the statistical data were taken from sources of information reported by: The Ministry of Health of Spain and the Ministry of Health and Public Health of the Valencian Community and sources of news of the Spanish radio television and of different information media of newspapers of the country and of newspapers of information of the Valencian community in which the most used were El Desmarque and the Provinces. The climatic data were recorded from daily information sources of climatic stations of the State Meteorological Agency – AEMET 90

Observations were made during the spring, but only 20% of them are reflected in order to easily interpret the results. The maximum number of coronavirus infected was on March 25, with a peak value of 9630 / day in Spain and 449 / day in the Valencian Community, then from the month of May contagions began to decrease due to confinement and the increase in temperature, with values ​​in the month of May between 1887-187 infections / day for Spain and from 164 to 44 / day for the Valencian Community, reaching the minimum values ​​in the month of June with values ​​between 177-99 / day for Spain and from 39 to 11 / day for the Valencian Community, see Table No 1. Spain registers at the end of June 248 970 contagions and 28,355 deaths the CV registers 18,339 infections and 1,475 deaths.

The temperature in Spain followed the same trend as in China, in the cold period with low temperatures the coronavirus developed, later the contagion by the virus was decreasing due to the increase in temperature and the favorable effects of confinement, see Table No. 1 Relative humidity did not follow the same trend since Wuhan has a humid climate and in Spain annual rainfall is around half of that which falls in that area. At the end of June the de-escalation ended and the summer began, but the coronavirus in this stage reacted differently, it had another behavior because community contamination and the spread of the virus began due to the action of human activity, despite the fact that the country’s Ministry of Health and of the Communities the necessary recommendations regarding the mandatory use of masks, respect the separation distance from people and limit the capacity of public and private places to a minimum.

At this stage there were still many young and old people who did not respect the recommended measures, there were more than 15% who continued to challenge the coronavirus, infections in September exceed 9000 / day.

The coronavirus is also more active in population centers with more inhabitants, in the Valencian Community there are 3 provinces and the most affected is the one with the largest population nucleus, the same generally happens in other regions of Spain. Community-based coronavirus contagion has different origins: social, family, work, leisure, vacation and extra-community, the most frequent being of social origin. The behavior of the coronavirus in the summer and the climatic factors will be published later.

It is noteworthy that the confinement caused the lack of activities to decrease the urine flow in Phase No. 1, which corresponds to the period from 1.0 AM to 10.0 AM and increased the urine flow in Phase-2 that It covers the period between 10.0 AM and 1.0 AM, according to the investigations on urine flow carried out by Juan and collaborators from 2017 to 2020. The problem created can cause a water deficit in Phase 1 that greatly affects the patients with cardiology, respiratory problems and different organs of the body, so it is necessary at this stage to increase the volume of water normally consumed by an additional 200ml / day during the period from 1.0- 9.0 AM, Phase 2 does not it was affected by a higher flow in the urine.

The coronavirus responds to different environmental conditions: the age of the people, the large population centers, the excessive activity of the behavior of human beings, the climatic factors and a planet that is increasingly polluted than humans do. , animals and plants are more vulnerable to attack by different pathogens. Viruses, like all living beings, adapt to different conditions of the environment that surrounds them and are becoming increasingly harmful, so it is recommended that different countries finance more investments in virology research, the genetics of the virus and the behavior of the virus in the different climatic conditions, since the virus can mutate and become more harmful, creating more unfavorable conditions for the human race, it is also necessary to reduce greenhouse gas emissions into the atmosphere and environmental pollution of land, surface waters, underground waters, seas and oceans.

 

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