Groundwater contamination in Honduras.
The Heraldo.hn, By: Veterinarian Doctor, August 17, 2015, Honduras.
In Honduras, we must establish controls for the use of groundwater, its quality, the degree of contamination and the impact of climate change on them. Agriculture in the south has been using groundwater, causing pollution due to overexploitation of millions of cubic meters of water for irrigation and industry. The main risk areas of the country are the Pacific coastal aquifers, La Mosquitia, island aquifers and aquifers overexploitation in mineral-rich areas. The activities with the greatest impact on the quality of groundwater are: high density development with no sewage, improper disposal of industrial waste and agricultural demands. The threat of water pollution stresses the urgent need for executives linked to the hydraulic public and private sector to take appropriate action to protect and control.
Groundwater plays an important and vital for many fresh water supply and purification for human consumption, agriculture productive activities and other in urban and rural areas cases.
Now, the authorities will know what the current situation of the quality of groundwater and aquifers in the valleys of the southern part of Honduras? Will they hear how many boreholes are being used for agriculture and livestock, to water consumption for humans and animals in different cities, villages and hamlets? Will they hear relevant how many cubic meters of water consumed by agriculture, humans and animals per year in times of drought and winter and if this water consumption has been paid to the state? You will know of the pollution caused crop cane sugar, melon, shrimp, agribusiness groundwater versus the human population? How weather forecast reaching the break-even point demand for fresh water for agriculture and human? Will they understand and comprehend the competent authorities the dimension, the Middle East, Africa and elsewhere are no wars over water and that people die for lack of water? Who will be responsible for the future of desalinating water from the Gulf of Fonseca to supply fresh, potable for human consumption or agricultural irrigation water, agricultural private company or the state?
In Honduras, the authorities must establish controls for the use of groundwater and certainly know their quality and the degree of contamination and the impact of climate change on them. Agriculture in the south has been overexploitation groundwater, causing contamination because of harvesting over time millions of cubic meters of fresh water for irrigation and industry. This subtraction form an empty space or which is filled with saline waters of the Pacific Ocean and that in time of drought is exacerbated, causing salinization of groundwater.
Is admissible produce a few tons of sugar or a few boxes of melon and watermelon or other pounds of shrimp and tax benefits, but yes, careful not to remove the possibility of life in time to the human population. In the case of agriculture, these companies can not get the time to achieve the sustainable economic returns that have contributed to desertification of the soil, water salinize and heat the planet; its operation will be threatened and, in addition, we will inherit a natural resource poverty.
Also, there is a difficulty about the perception of pollution of these waters, an ignorance about the risks of pollution and a clear complacency among authorities and demanding of soil and water resources, which can not be. The main risk areas in Honduras are the Pacific coastal aquifers, La Mosquitia, island aquifers and aquifers overexploitation in mineral-rich areas. The activities with the greatest impact on the quality of groundwater are: high density development with no sewage sanitation, improper disposal of industrial waste and agricultural demands.
The threat of contamination incident on the urgent need for executives linked to public and private sector hydraulic take action to quantify the risks in the areas under its responsibility and initiate appropriate protection and control measures. In the case of groundwater, it is fair to say that the ability to analyze pollution episodes that happen, greatly exceeds the capacity to identify and to reduce the risk of contamination. The perpetuation of the human species is in food production, but other than agriculture itself that facilitates the disappearance of human beings and of agriculture itself as a result of pollution of groundwater and soil desertification. Care.