Central America affected by Coronavirus and two consecutive hurricanes, needs urgent humanitarian aid.

Central America affected by Coronavirus and two consecutive hurricanes, needs urgent humanitarian aid.

 Global warming increases air pollution in the atmosphere and contributes to making human beings more vulnerable to attack by viruses, bacteria and diseases, as well as increases the temperature of the air, seas and oceans that allows tropical storms, cyclones, hurricanes, typhoons and tornadoes become more powerful and destructive every day. Currently, a large part of Central America is affected by the Coronavirus19 with an increase in people infected and by the destructive action of two consecutive hurricanes Eta and Iota that brought high rainfall and strong winds causing large urban and rural floods, destruction of homes, human losses and loss of harvest, there are more than 1.6 million displaced of them more than 600,000 children and adolescents, their economy has been greatly damaged and the supply of medicines and food, they need urgent humanitarian aid. Juan G. R., Juan P. J.A. and Juan G. R. Central America affected by Coronavirus and two consecutive hurricanes, needs urgent humanitarian aid. Water and Irrigation Vol.: 11, No. 1: 58-62, November 21, 2020. Spain.

Hurricane Iota in the Atlantic

 Tropical Storm Iota became a Category 1 hurricane in the early morning of Sunday, November 15, thus becoming the thirteenth cyclone of the hurricane season in the Atlantic. The system was located about 175 kilometers east of the island of Providencia, in the Colombian Caribbean, and 400 kilometers east southeast of Cabo Gracias a Dios, the border of Nicaragua and Honduras, with maximum sustained winds of 155 kilometers and a movement of 15 kilometers per hour. The path of Hurricane Iota also affected a region recently devastated by Cyclone Eta. At least 50 people have lost their lives due to the storm Iota, Nicaragua reports 20 dead.

The National Hurricane Center-NHC based in Miami USA indicated that Iota is expected to continue to strengthen until it becomes a hurricane of greater intensity, with “potentially catastrophic winds, storm surge and heavy rains”, all of which make it a cyclone extremely dangerous”.

Hurricane Iota rises to category 2, increases in intensity and continues its route towards Nicaragua and Honduras, Iota made landfall on Monday night as a category 4 hurricane with winds of up to 250 km / h, becoming the strongest storm to hit the Central American country since there are records. The eye of the hurricane entered the coast near Haulover, a small town of about 1,700 inhabitants located 45 km south of Puerto Cabezas and about 25 km south of where Eta also made landfall on November 3 as a category 4 hurricane. After entering the northeast of Nicaragua, the hurricane lost strength and weakened to category 1 and a few hours later it became a tropical storm causing floods, landslides and sources of winds on Tuesday 17 in neighboring regions of Nicaragua. : Honduras, Salvador and Guatemala. Iota hit the archipelago of San Andrés, Providencia and Santa Catalina at dawn on Monday, causing serious damage in its advance through the Caribbean Sea towards Central America. The most affected was Providencia because the eye of the hurricane passed over that island, located 90 kilometers northeast of San Andrés, the main island of the archipelago. The Colombian city of Cartagena also suffered the onslaught of Hurricane Iota according to information sources from the BBC and Latin America.

The tropical system can generate accumulated precipitations potentially dangerous for lives and properties, of between 500 and 750 mm, especially in Nicaragua and Honduras, Iota would act on areas completely saturated and flooded by Eta: it will rain in wet conditions, according to information sources from the weather Meteored of Central America.

Hurricane Eta in the Atlantic

 Tropical depression Eta caused severe flooding and landslides due to heavy rains in Central America after entering Honduras from Nicaragua on Wednesday 3 and leaving at least 24 dead and thousands of homeless in the region. Eta made landfall on Tuesday in northwestern Nicaragua as a powerful Category 4 hurricane, with sustained winds of up to 240 km / h. Subsequently, it gradually weakened, the abundant rains and strong winds left behind floods in urban and rural areas, flooding of rivers, destruction of crops, destroyed houses, falling trees, dragging of cars and everything that was in their path , landslides and thousands of people evacuated.

In Honduras, authorities confirmed that eleven people lost their lives in landslides or drowned by rising rivers. Most were children and teenagers. In Guatemala, at least four people died in mudslides, including two children aged 2 and 11. However, President Alejandro Giammattei said that the values could rise, the Quejá village about 200 km north of Guatemala suffered an avalanche, an estimated 25 houses, is considerate that no less than 50 people were inside the houses. In Panama, authorities recovered the bodies of five people who were dragged by overflowing rivers in the west of the country, including three minors. Several people were also reported missing. In Nicaragua, two men were trapped in a landslide that occurred while working at a mine in the Bonanza municipality. In Costa Rica, a couple died this Thursday after being buried by a landslide that fell on their home in the town of Coto Brus, in the south of the country. In El Salvador, hundreds of people had to be evacuated and the country is on high alert. Although Nicaragua and Honduras are the countries in the center of Eta’s trajectory, Guatemala also suffered significant flooding due to rains, according to information sources from the BBC and Latin America.

The National Hurricane Center of the United States (NHC, for its acronym in English) warned this Thursday that Eta continues to cause heavy rains and floods that pose a risk to life.

A progressive weakening is expected during its passage through Honduras, before at the end of Thursday it returns to the Caribbean and regains energy on its journey to Cuba and South Florida in the United States. After leaving dozens of deaths in Central America and southern Mexico.

Caption, Eta entered Central America through Nicaragua from the east, deviated northwest and then northeast, taking a horseshoe shape to return to the Caribbean, heading to Cuba and then to Florida.

There are about 150 dead in Guatemala, where Eta’s rains were especially felt during their passage through Central American lands. Then he returned to the Caribbean, and when he hit Cuba, last weekend.

According to UNICEF, Eta could affect a total of 1,227,000 people, including almost 500,000 children and adolescents.

Eta has already left a panorama of destruction after passing through northern Nicaragua, where some of the poorest indigenous regions in the country are found and many people live in wooden houses or precarious buildings. Before the eye of the hurricane reached the coast on Tuesday afternoon, the Nicaraguan government assured that 30,000 citizens of the Caribbean region left their homes and found refugees in churches, schools and safer houses of relatives. Thousands of families were evacuated to shelters in Nicaragua, waiting for Eta to leave the area. At least 12,000 homes were without power, according to the Nicaraguan National Electricity Transmission Company. More than 6,000 people were evacuated in Honduras due to the rains, 1,800 in Guatemala, about 1,400 in Costa Rica and 1,200 in El Salvador. The overflowing of rivers due to the rains caused the flooding of roads in Honduras, according to official data from Central America.

The death toll in Honduras due to the passage of tropical depression Eta increased to 74 people, according to the Permanent Contingency Commission reported this Sunday. The total death toll from cyclone Eta exceeds 270.

Eta is expected to produce accumulated rain through Friday night in: Great part of Nicaragua and Honduras from 380 to 635 mm and accumulate amounts of 890 mm, in eastern Guatemala and Belize: 255 to 510 mm and accumulate amounts of 635 mm, in parts of Panama and Costa Rica: 255 to 380 mm and accumulate 635 mm, in Jamaica and southeast Mexico: 125 to 255 mm and accumulate 380 mm over the southern areas. In El Salvador, southern Haiti and the Cayman Islands: 75 to 125 mm, accumulate amounts 255 mm

Eta makes landfall on the south central coast of Cuba at 4.44 am on Sunday 8, with maximum sustained winds of 100 kilometers per hour, with higher gusts of wind, its central pressure remains at 991 hPa according to information sources in Cuba.

Tropical storm Eta became a hurricane again this Wednesday after moving away from the westernmost portion of Cuba and approaching the coast of Florida (USA) that faces the Gulf of Mexico, although it is expected to weaken again when it makes landfall. , indicated the National Hurricane Center (NHC) of the United States.

Reports from a “hurricane chaser” aircraft from the government’s National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) indicate that Eta has once again strengthened into a Category 1 hurricane offshore, off the southwest coast of Florida, with maximum sustained winds 75 mph (120 km / h), with stronger gusts. At 7.35 am ET (12.35 GMT), downtown Eta was located 130 miles (210 km) west-southwest of Fort Myers and 170 miles (270 km) south-southwest of the Florida city of Tampa.

The cities of Miami, Fort Lauderdale and Palm Beach (southeast Florida) have already exceeded the accumulated rainfall totals in a normal year, with twenty days still to go until the Atlantic hurricane season officially ends and more than seven weeks to the end of the year, the Miami National Weather Service reported Tuesday.

The cyclone, which caused deaths and destruction in Central America, crossed western Cuba and southern Florida last Sunday, where between Sunday and Monday it left streets flooded and led to the closure of shops and schools. On Sunday night, Eta made landfall in Florida’s Lower Matecumbe Key, with maximum sustained winds of 65 miles per hour (104 km / h), according to the NHC. Global warming increases air pollution in the atmosphere and contributes to making human beings more vulnerable to attack by viruses, bacteria and diseases, as well as increases the temperature of the air, seas and oceans that allows tropical storms, cyclones, hurricanes , typhoons and tornadoes become more powerful and destructive every day and that the melting of the poles and glaciers gradually increases the level of seas and oceans, which together with the increase in the action of human activity lead to unsustainable development for the human race and for the species of animals, fishes and plants that inhabit our Planet Earth. Currently, a large part of Central America is affected by the Coronavirus19 with an increase in infected people and by the destructive action of two consecutive hurricanes Eta and Iota that brought torrential rains and strong winds causing large urban and rural floods, destruction of homes, economic losses and of harvest, there are more than 1.6 million displaced of them more than 600,000 children and adolescents, their economy has been badly damaged and the supply of medicines and food, they need urgent humanitarian aid

 

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