Climate change threatens coffee, the flagship product of Ethiopia.
Addis Ababa, Apr 16 Ethiopia, 2018 — Prensa Latina.
In Ethiopia, the increase in temperature and the decrease in rainfall have negative effects on the national coffee industry. To combat these harmful consequences, it is necessary to diversify production systems, genetic resources of coffee, strengthen research institutions, improve soil conservation practices and use more sources of supply and irrigation systems for water conservation in the areas affected by humidity. The country has already lost 60 percent of its forest coffee in the last 40 years due to the effects of deforestation, a trend that is expected to accelerate with climate change, the challenge is latent and according to some experts could have a devastating impact in the existence of Ethiopian coffee.
The effects of climate change on the most important commercial crop in the country caused several problems, including delays in the maturation of the seeds, especially in the state of Oromia and the southern region, official sources stressed.
According to Birhanu Tsegaye, director of the extension of coffee, tea and spices of the Coffee and Tea Development Marketing Authority of Ethiopia, the increase in temperature and the decrease in rainfall have negative effects on the national coffee industry . One of the problems of climate change is occasional drought, the other is irregular precipitation, which leads to crop loss, land degradation and other significant effects, Tsegaye said.
To combat these harmful consequences, he said, the country needs to diversify production systems, genetic resources of coffee, strengthen research institutions, improve soil conservation practices and use irrigation systems to conserve water in the zones. affected by humidity.
Addis Ababa, Apr 16 (Prensa Latina) Ethiopia faces the challenge of saving its flagship product, coffee, from the impacts of climate change, whose export in the last fiscal year provided $ 866 million in profits.
Tadesse Woldemariam, Senior Technical Advisor at Ethiopia Environment Change and Coffee Forest Forum, a local non-governmental organization, said the nation has already lost 60 percent of its forest coffee in the last 40 years due to deforestation, a trend that is expected accelerate with climate change. In the last three decades we have seen an increase in temperature of approximately 1.3 degrees Celsius, with an impact especially in the driest producing areas of the East, and with droughts that lead to the exposure of the coffee berry disease, “said Woldemariam
However, he considered that with an increase in temperature, areas that were previously not suitable for production could be appropriate soon. In the past, coffee used to grow to a maximum of 2,200 meters above sea level. Now it is growing at some 2,600 meters and we expect it to grow even up to 3,200 meters, “he said
.Anyway, in the opinion of specialists, the challenge is latent and according to some could threaten the existence of Ethiopian coffee, a devastating impact for a country that is considered the original place of the plant and in a sector that employs about 20 million of citizens.
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