Rice and banana producers learn to live with climate change
Manuel Bejarano, Elnuevodiario.com, February 7, 2015, Managua, Nicaragua
The rice and bananas, needs plenty of water and financial resources for its production, requiring explore and implement new practices to increase yields and reduce production costs, mainly due to the effects of climate change already known. The banana project is led by the National Autonomous University of Nicaragua and rice by the Institute of Agricultural Research of Panama, in which researchers from the Nicaraguan Institute of Agricultural Technology participate.
Nicaragua receives support two projects presented at the Special Convocation 2014 of the Regional Fund for Agricultural Technology, Fontagro, and Mechanisms Technology Transfer Project and Climate Networks in Latin America and the Caribbean, ALC, funded by the Fund for the Environment World, GEF and implemented by the Inter-American Development Bank, IDB. The projects aim to contribute to the adaptation of rice and bananas to climate change, are regional in nature, but led by consortia of institutions in which it is represented Nicaragua
The project banana is led by the National Autonomous University of Nicaragua, Unite-Leon, and the rice by the Institute of Agricultural Research of Panama, IDIAP, which involved researchers from the National Institute of Agricultural Technology, INTA, according Fontagro. The rice and bananas,crops need of water and financial resources for its production, requiring explore and implement new practices to increase yields and reduce production costs, mainly due to the effects of climate change already known.
Carazo and Chinandega
In the rice project, in the case of Nicaragua, producers will intervene of the Posoltega municipalities and Chinandega, Carazo La Paz and El Rosario. Meanwhile, in the research project on the cultivation of bananas, participate producers Posoltega and a community known as Monterey in the north According Fontagro, researchers will work with producer organizations, such as the Central Cooperative Multisectoral Women Sorority and the Central Cooperative of Multiple Services, Manufacturers of Special Coffee.
With these projects will be carried out experimental tests in each country, with the aim of improving efficiency in water use; increase yields of the product and consequently the income of producers. Also, after the investigation will be disseminated knowledge and train at least 6,000 producers.
An estimated 50,000 small rice farmers in Nicaragua, Costa Rica and Panama grown annually over 85,000 hectares around 120.564 apples, Fontagro said. According to the Fourth National Agricultural Census, CENAGRO conducted in the agricultural year 2010-2011, in Nicaragua over 59,000 blocks of irrigated rice and more than 40,700 dry apples are grown. Of these, 1,031 blocks would be in the range of farms of between 0.5 and 20 blocks in irrigated rice and 12626.97 apples upland rice, which belong to smallholders