Anticipate internal migration in Mexico by water shortages.

Anticipate internal migration in Mexico by water shortages.
Notimex Vanguardia newspaper on Dec. 25, 2011, Mexico

In the near future water shortages and lack of access to sanitation could generate migration flows that add pressure on overcrowded urban areas, anticipates a report by the Royal United Services Institute.

The RUSI report (for its acronym in English) entitled “Climate change, migration and security” said that actually 10.8 million Mexicans lack access to safe water and 14.5 million sewer service. In addition, there is a serious deficiency in water infrastructure, because 40 percent of drinking water and 50 percent of the irrigation is lost in leaks, while Mexico is ranked 106 among 122 countries in terms of the quality of the liquid . In this scenario, the report show that there is high probability of generating significant migration from rural communities to urban centers in search of water, which adds pressure to centers that already have shortcomings, such as Mexico City.

At the same time, climate change may exacerbate the differences, which are remarkable among the arid and semi-arid north and northwest, and the extremely arid south and southeast. The specialists at RUSI anticipated that more frequent and intense drought, caused by climate change could result in increased competition among water users and to facilitate internal migration related to climate. In fact, Mexico and is currently the second largest consumer of bottled water in the world, only after the United States.

The report said states like Baja California Sur, Chihuahua, Coahuila, Aguascalientes, Colima, Jalisco, Quintana Roo and Mexico City are the biggest consumers of bottled water, despite being some of the least water availability have. For the near future is forecast increased demand for water in Veracruz, Jalisco, Chihuahua, Coahuila, Guanajuato, Mexico City and Mexico state. Against this background, the report recommends strengthening the national strategy, first to cover the deficit in services and, second, to raise awareness about the importance of caring for this scarce resource

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