Agro in fighting climate change.
Andrea Rodríguez Valverde / October 16, 2016, Costa Rica.
Irrigation programs are strengthened to acquire technology to generate electricity based on clean sources. It is also working on two pilot projects in coffee and cattle, to achieve higher productivity with lower emissions. After transportation, agriculture ranks as one of the largest emitters of carbon dioxide (C02), which contribute to global warming in Costa Rica. The challenge is to develop efficient and competitive agriculture production systems in the fight against climate change.
After transportation, agriculture ranks nationally as one of the largest emitters of carbon dioxide (C02) gas that contributes to global warming. Several are the remaining challenges, and in the sector is very clear. Among them, identified as the most outstanding, it is to develop sustainable, more efficient and competitive production systems, all, in the shadow of climate change. Efforts are emerging and are shared between the government authorities and the producers themselves.
These range from strengthening irrigation programs to private investment to acquire technology to generate electricity based on clean sources. That is, agriculture race against time to be more “green” and efficient. However, the question continues to reverberate in stakeholders: is it enough?
According to the research “Agricultural sector and environmental management in Costa Rica” by Felix Zumbado researcher ProDUS-UCR, the data show that there are several areas with work to do. Considering the most recent Census of Agriculture (2014), Zumbado said that the total agricultural farms in Costa Rica (93017) only 2.1% (1,931) have solar panels. The cantons of Buenos Aires (222) and Golfito (110) are the top of the list with the largest number of farms using this technology.
At the same time, and spinning finer, the report noted that only 9% of farms with milking parlor have digester. The digester allows the decomposition of organic matter and facilitates the extraction of the resulting gas for use as energy. “Data farms were reviewed parlor because having animals in one place makes it easier to collect excreta and process, “explains the researcher.
For its part, the use of water resources was also analyzed. As an indicator of water resource management in livestock research activity it made a review of the main sources of water for farms with milking parlors. Of 4,089 farms with milking parlor, 34% reported a rising or spring as their main source of water, just below using an aqueduct (36%) to have access to good.
“No one has quantified the amount of water that is spent on each part of the production process-in a dairy-. This factor has been identified as one of the impediments that have hindered the adoption of new environmentally friendly technologies, “says the document.
By the horns
In the Ministry of Agriculture (MAG) ensure that the work is being done. As a backbone, the present administration as a reference contemplating it in “Policies for agriculture and development of rural areas 2015-2018.” There, a chapter for adaptation and mitigation of climate change agriculture establishes the strengthening of irrigation and drainage programs and strengthening the payment program environmental benefits, as one of the pillars of public policy.
“There is much advanced through public-private initiatives in which producer organizations play an important role work,” said Roberto Azofeifa, coordinator of sustainable production department of the Ministry of Agriculture. In addition, in conjunction with the private sector, academia and non-governmental organizations is it working on two pilot projects in coffee and cattle, to achieve higher productivity with lower emissions. It is sub-sectors that have higher emissions of carbon dioxide and have the greatest potential for mitigation. In coffee, for example, it seeks that in 2019, 25,000 hectares of grain are handled in environmentally friendly conditions.