The global drought in 2016 and its effects.

Juan G. R., Juan G. R., Juan P. J. A. The global drought in 2016 and its effects.

Water and Irrigation Vol .: 8, No. 1: 3-4, March 2017, Spain.

2016 has been characterized by a year of great climatic instability with a high development of droughts and floods as a result of climate change. The drought has affected many countries worldwide, but the countries of the Horn of Africa and the semi-arid strip of the Sahel, India, China, Bolivia, Mexico, Chile, the countries of the Central Corridor Dry: Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Caribbean countries: Haiti, Dominican Republic, Cuba causing great crop losses, displacement and a major food crisis. There is famine in Ethiopia, Somalia and Kenya that demand humanitarian aid. About 1200 million people live in areas of low rainfall and water scarcity.

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In Nicaragua there is no good use of drinking water.

In Nicaragua there is no good use of drinking water.

Josué Garay

The New Journal | 23 January 2017 | Managua Nicaragua.

It is considered that in Nicaragua water is misused due to bad habits. Before 1950 in Nicaragua the people had the habit of harvesting the water, however this changed with the arrival of the system of pipes. Harvesting and reusing water in the urban sector is minimal, but in the countryside the farmers make stabilization ponds to reuse rainwater. According to the specialists the toilet is the one that the greater amount of water spends, followed by the washing machine and gardens irrigation. Currently, the central government is promoting an Adaptation of Agriculture to Climate Change Project through the water harvest. The project has an amount of $ 9.6 million, which is funded by the Swiss Cooperation for the Development.

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Harvests in US to suffer from climate change

Harvests in US to suffer from climate change

Potsdam Institute for Climate Impact Research (PIK), January 19, 2017

Some of the most important crops risk substantial damage from rising temperatures. To better assess how climate change caused by human greenhouse gas emissions will likely impact wheat, maize and soybean, an international team of scientists now ran an unprecedentedly comprehensive set of computer simulations of US crop yields. Importantly, the scientists find that increased irrigation can help to reduce the negative effects of global warming on crops, but this is possible only in regions where sufficient water is available.

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The Bolivian glaciers are in retreat.

The Bolivian glaciers are in retreat.

Miriam Telma Jemio
By: Univision. Posted: Jan 19, 2017, Bolivia.

The impact of climate change on tropical glaciers, of which 20% is in Bolivia, in the Cordillera Real, are an important source of water for the inhabitants of the communities and cities around El Alto and La Paz. The evidence of this problem is investigated by scientists and comprovated by the inhabitants of the communities around glaciers such as Condoriri, Illimani, Samara and Chacaltaya, when they see the hills becoming increasingly black. The Real mountain range also have important glaciers: Illimani, Mururata, Huayna, Potosí and Illampu. La Paz already experiences rationing due to water scarcity. In this context, these communities must obtain water for drinking, agricultural production and camelid breeding, but there is also the long-term loss of their tourist activity for those who like to climb these snow-capped mountains.

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Air pollution continues its increase worldwide.

Juan G. R., Juan G. R., Juan P. J. A. Air pollution continues its increase worldwide.

Water and Irrigation Vol .: 8, No. 1: 1-2, January, 2017, Spain.

Many cities in the world have a high level of air pollution, as it increases the risk of patients with respiratory diseases, asthma, cardiovascular and cancer. Air pollution has been spreading in more industrialized and more densely populated cities, gradually has been manifesting in different geographical areas of the world, which reflects that it is necessary to seek short and long term solutions that reduce the effects created. The large industrial growth and the continuous increase of automobiles are factors that contribute to a great extent to raise the contamination.

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International event highlights Villa Clara’s perspectives on food crops.

International event highlights Villa Clara’s perspectives on food crops.

Vanguard, December 13, 2016, Cuba.

The specialists, from 21 countries of Asia, Oceania, Africa, Europe, Central America and the Caribbean, selected Santa Clara and the demonstration areas of the Institute of Research in Tropical Viandas of Cuba, with the purpose of validating experiences in the cultivation of Malanga, of roots and tubers, for the production of food. Cuba is the seat, for the first time in America, of a meeting of the International Network of Edible Aroids. The event also emphasizes the harmful effects of climate change and the systematic absence of water for the irrigation of vital crops.

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Intense floods of autumn 2016 in the Spanish Levante.

Juan G. R., Juan G. M. and Juan P. J. A. Intense floods of autumn 2016 in the Spanish Levante.

Water and Irrigation Vol .: 7, No. 1: 34-35, December, 2016, Spain.

During the autumn period from October to December 2016 as a result of bad weather and cold drop there have been major floods in different regions of the Spanish east that include the communities of the Mediterranean area: Catalonia, Comunidad Valenciana, Baleares, Community of Murcia and the provinces of Almeria and Malaga in the Community of Andalusia. The intense rains caused flooding of streets, roadblocks, car trawling and all that the water found in its path, as well as floods in agricultural areas, causing human losses and large economic losses, which shows that the adopted measures against the floods are still insufficient and it is necessary to improve urban and agricultural drainage much more throughout the Spanish Levante.

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