Scientists against droughts and floods of climate change.

Scientists against droughts and floods of climate change.

Euronews, 10/07/201. Europe.

Together with the rest of the planet, Europe is preparing for the consequences of climate change. Several areas face diverse risks ranging from droughts to floods, but do we understand what awaits us and how do we respond to it? Scientists are looking for answers. In order to arrive at a detailed 10-year forecast of the effects of climate change on European aquifer systems, we are analyzing evidence from different sites in six countries. The study includes the impact on agriculture, industry, tourism and other sectors of the economy.

Continuar Leyendo Scientists against droughts and floods of climate change.

Hurricane Irma has brought destruction and death to the Caribbean, Cuba and Florida.

Juan G. R., Juan G. R., Juan G. M. and Juan G. M. I., Hurricane Irma has brought destruction and death to the Caribbean, Cuba and Florida.

Water and Irrigation. Vol .: 8, No. 1: 11-13, September 2017, Spain.

Hurricane Irma has brought destruction and death to the Caribbean, Cuba and Florida. The Caribbean islands report 25 dead, Cuba 10 and Florida 8 for a total of 43 deaths, although the total number of deaths is increasing with those reported in Georgia and South Carolina. Total economic losses in the affected countries are estimated at more than 40 billion dollars as a result of damage to infrastructure, housing, tourist facilities, shops, communication routes, flooded agricultural and livestock areas. The temperature of oceans and seas has increased significantly in the last 30 years due to the effect of global warming and the El Niño phenomenon, which has increased the activity of cyclones, typhoons, tornadoes and tropical storms to become increasingly violent and destructive. The Caribbean including Cuba needs urgent humanitarian aid in the cleared areas.

Continuar Leyendo Hurricane Irma has brought destruction and death to the Caribbean, Cuba and Florida.

Hurricane Harvey hits Texas and Louisiana provoking great economic losses.

Juan Garcia R. Hurricane Harvey hits Texas and Louisiana provoking great economic losses.

Water and Irrigation Vol.: 8, No. 1: 9-10, September 2017, Spain.

Hurricane Harvey with category four, breaking a record amount of rain on Texas and for the continental US, the National Weather Service, was recorded 1320 mm of rain from Friday 25 August to Wednesday 30 August .After storm affected Louisiana but with less intensity. At least 50,000 homes are flooded in the Houston area. There are about 500,000 peoples affected in Texas. The economical losses were estimated in 100 billons dollars. and it is necessary to revise the plan for housing construction, drainage systems and forest reform in the fight against floods, cyclones, hurricanes and tornadoes throughout the South of the United States. President Donald Trump has approved emergency disaster declarations in both Texas and Louisiana, directing federal aid toward the affected areas.

Continuar Leyendo Hurricane Harvey hits Texas and Louisiana provoking great economic losses.

Melting in the poles continues with its implacable advance.

Juan G. R., Juan G. R., Juan P. J. A. Melting in the poles continues with its implacable advance.

Water and Irrigation Vol .: 8, No. 1: 7-8, July 2017, Spain.

Global warming intensifies, 2016 has been very hot and 2017 is not behind it behaves also hot, mainly due to greenhouse gas emissions generated by human activity and climate change. November and December temperatures in the Arctic have been 5 degrees above average, last year at the North Pole were very high temperatures near zero degree. Currently an iceberg of about 5,800 square kilometers, has been detached from the continental mass at the South Pole in early July 2017 and is floating in the Atlantic Ocean, is the largest recorded. The increase in water levels in the seas and oceans has among other consequences that some islands in the Pacific archipelago have already disappeared and others are in the process of disappearing, sea waters also invade other low coastal areas in different regions of the world.

Continuar Leyendo Melting in the poles continues with its implacable advance.

World Day to combat Desertification and Drought, 2017.

World Day to combat Desertification and Drought, 2017.

UN, 18 June,2017.

, 2017

Bandiagara, a town in the semi-arid central plateau of Mali inhabited by mainly agricultural Dogon people. UN Photo/Alejandra Carvajal.

Desertification is the degradation of land in arid, semi-arid and dry sub-humid areas. It is caused primarily by human activities and climatic variations. Desertification does not refer to the expansion of existing deserts. It occurs because dryland ecosystems, which cover over one third of the world‘s land area, are extremely vulnerable to overexploitation and inappropriate land use. Poverty, political instability, deforestation, overgrazing and bad irrigation practices can all undermine the productivity of the land.

Over 250 million people are directly affected by desertification, and about one billion people in over one hundred countries are at risk. These people include many of the world‘s poorest, most marginalized and politically weak citizens.

The World Day to Combat Desertification and Drought is observed every year to promote public awareness of international efforts to combat desertification. The day is a unique moment to remind everyone that land degradation neutrality is achievable through problem-solving, strong community involvement and co-operation at all levels.

“Land degradation and migration”

This year the World Day to Combat Desertification and Drought examine the important link between land degradation and migration. Among others, environmental degradation, food insecurity and poverty are causes of migration and development challenges.
In just 15 years, the number of international migrants worldwide has risen from 173 million in 2000 to 244 million in 2015.

This year’s celebration looks at specific ways local communities can build resilience against current multi-fold development challenges through sustainable land management practices. This day should remind everyone of land’s important role in producing food and generating local employment, as well as its ability to add to the sustainability, stability and security of desertification-affected places. Ouagadougou, the capital of Burkina Faso, hosts the global observance of 2017, organized by the Ministry of Environment, Green Economy and Climate Change.

Desertification and the Sustainable Development Goals

The 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development declares that “we are determined to protect the planet from degradation, including through sustainable consumption and production, sustainably managing its natural resources and taking urgent action on climate change, so that it can support the needs of the present and future generations”. Specifically, Goal 15 states our resolve to halt and reverse land degradation.

http://www.un.org/en/events/desertificationday/

Juan G. R. Drought in Spain, its effects at the beginning of summer 2017.

Juan G. R. Drought in Spain, its effects at the beginning of summer 2017.

Water and Irrigation Vol .: 8, No. 1: 5-6, June 2017, Spain.

The current volume of water in Spain is 31326 hm3, which represents only 56% of the capacity of the reservoirs. The rivers of the large basins are affected by drought and in all, the reservoir water are below the last 10 years. The lack of rains is prolonged and the drought is prolonged, economic losses are already manifest in large areas of Spain, especially in Castile and Leon, Galicia, Asturias, Cantabria, Canarias, some areas of Castilla-La Mancha, Extremadura, Aragon , The Valencian Community, Murcia and Andalusia, in different river basins of the Spanish rivers, reason why it is necessary an adequate management of the reserves of surface waters and underground and a rational management of the water of the irrigation to face the campaign of summer and the next irrigation campaign.

Continuar Leyendo Juan G. R. Drought in Spain, its effects at the beginning of summer 2017.

World Oceans Day 8 June, 2017

World Oceans Day 8 June, 2017

“The 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development is an ambitious framework which, together, we will use to address these threats and improve people’s lives. The World Oceans Day provides an important opportunity to advocate for a sustainable future.”

— António Guterres, Secretary-General of the United Nations

2017 Theme: “Our oceans, our future”

The oceans cover about two-thirds of the surface of the Earth and are the very foundations of life. They generate most of the oxygen we breathe, absorb a large share of carbon dioxide emissions, provide food and nutrients and regulate climate. They are important economically for countries that rely on tourism, fishing and other marine resources for income and serve as the backbone of international trade.

Unfortunately, human pressures, including overexploitation, illegal, unreported and unregulated fishing, destructive fishing, as well as unsustainable aquaculture practices, marine pollution, habitat destruction, alien species, climate change and ocean acidification are taking a significant toll on the world’s oceans and seas.

Peace and security are also critical to the full enjoyment of the benefits that can be derived from the oceans and for their sustainable development. As has been remarked by the Secretary-General:
“There will be no development without security and no security without development.”
This year’s theme for the Day is “Our oceans, our future” and is connected to the Ocean Conference taking place from 5 to 9 June at United Nations headquarters in New York.

Why celebrate World Oceans Day?

• To remind everyone of the major role the oceans have in everyday life. They are the lungs of our planet, providing most of the oxygen we breathe.
• To inform the public of the impact of human actions on the ocean.
• To develop a worldwide movement of citizens for the ocean.
• To mobilize and unite the world’s population on a project for the sustainable management of the world’s oceans. They are a major source of food and medicines and a critical part of the biosphere.
• To celebrate together the beauty, the wealth and the promise of the ocean.

As in previous years since 2014, the Division for Ocean Affairs and the Law of the Sea is recognizing on 8 June the winners of the Annual World Oceans Day Oceanic Photo Competition in an event at United Nations Headquarters.

http://www.un.org/es/events/oceansday/

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