Floods in Japan require improving the efficiency of surface and internal drainages.

Juan G. R. Floods in Japan require improving the efficiency of surface and internal drainages.

 Water and Irrigation Vol .: 9, No. 1: 11-12, July 2018, Spain.

In the fight against floods and the effects of climate change in Japan, it is necessary to increase the efficiency of surface and internal drainages in urban and rural areas, in line with the current climate situation in the country, which will continue to be more disastrous in the future years, in order to achieve a more effective protection of human lives and of material and economic goods. Floods as a result of torrential rains in Japan have caused some 209 deaths as well as damage to roads and bridges infrastructure, landslides, constant water and electricity cuts and transport disruptions, have been evacuated around 5 million people, The meteorological phenomenon has also damaged agriculture and livestock and has hurt Japanese industrial companies. Continuar Leyendo Floods in Japan require improving the efficiency of surface and internal drainages.

Emissions of C02 in the main polluting countries.

Juan G. R. Emissions of C02 in the main polluting countries.

Water and Irrigation Vol .: 9, No. 1: 9-10, June 2018, Spain.

Global emissions of carbon dioxide have mainly increased due to the great impact of human activity and the increase in around 80 million / year of the world population. The CO2 emissions of the six most polluting countries are made up of China, the United States, India, the Russian Federation, Japan and Germany, all located in the northern hemisphere and together represent 61% of the world total. China and the USA, with a cumulative of 44%. The cumulative emissions of C02 from the countries located in the northern hemisphere are greater than 70% of the total. The emissions of greenhouse gases in cities represent a large percentage of the total in these countries, as indicated by different studies. It is considered that currently the total emissions of C02 are above the levels of 36,000,000 Kilotons.

Continuar Leyendo Emissions of C02 in the main polluting countries.

World Day to Combat Desertification and Drought 2018

World Day to Combat Desertification and Drought 2018

NU, 17 June, 2018

In addition to providing for basic cooking, heating and construction needs, forests today are depleted by illegal logging, Afghanistan. Photo: UNAMID/Albert Gonzalez Farran

The decay of the land

Desertification is the degradation of land in arid, semi-arid and dry sub-humid areas. It is caused primarily by human activities and climatic variations. Desertification does not refer to the expansion of existing deserts. It occurs because dryland ecosystems, which cover over one third of the world‘s land area, are extremely vulnerable to overexploitation and inappropriate land use. Poverty, political instability, deforestation, overgrazing and bad irrigation practices can all undermine the productivity of the land.

The World Day to Combat Desertification and Drought is observed every year to promote public awareness of international efforts to combat desertification. The day is a unique moment to remind everyone that land degradation neutrality is achievable through problem-solving, strong community involvement and co-operation at all levels.

 2018 Theme “Land has true value – invest in it.”

Your choices determine future scenarios for sustainable growth. The 2018 World Day to Combat Desertification campaign #2018WDCD urges you to move away from unsustainable land use and make a difference by investing in the future of land under the slogan, “Land has true value — invest in it.” (source)

Every one of us has a role to play, know the true value of land and invest in it:

  • Spending money on organic and fairly trade products to avoid land degradation.
  • Making a pledge to protect and conserve the value of land.
  • Observing World Day to Combat Desertification, supporting a sustainable way of living, producing and consuming.
  • Organizing an event or launching an initiative to promote sustainable land management (SLM) and land degradation neutrality (LDN). Send the details of your event to [email protected].
  • Sharing photos and videos on Face book, Twitter, Instagram, and Weibo accounts, from 11 to 17 June, 2018. Remember to tag @UNCCD and use the hashtag #2018WDCD.

Unlocking women’s transformative potential: The Gender Action Plan

The United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification (UNCCD) recently created a new plan to support and enhance gender-responsive policy needs. The Gender Action Plan (GAP) that will increase and strengthen the participation and leadership of women at all levels of decision-making and local implementation of the UNCCD, including drought management as well as sand and dust storms and land degradation neutrality interventions, with the aim to reach gender parity by 2030.

Women are active agents of change. Evidence shows that when women are given equal opportunities and access to resources and decision-making, communities become more prosperous and more peaceful. UNCCD parties are committed to improving the quality of life for women worldwide. This plan represents a landmark opportunity to transform gender equality and human rights into action.

Desertification and the Sustainable Development Goals

The 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development declares that “we are determined to protect the planet from degradation, including through sustainable consumption and production, sustainably managing its natural resources and taking urgent action on climate change, so that it can support the needs of the present and future generations”. Specifically, Goal 15 states our resolve to halt and reverse land degradation.

 

http://www.un.org/es/events/desertificationday/

 

World Oceans Day 2018

World Oceans Day 2018

UN, 8 June 2018

As the photographer of this young yellow boxfish (Ostracion cubicus) said, small marine creatures as well as large ones are fascinating and worth protecting. The fish was in a rocky crevice in the Tweed River, New South Wales, Australia. Photo: winner in the Youth Category of World Oceans Day Photo Competition/Jack McKee.

“Everyone needs to play a part. You can make a difference today – and every day — by doing simple things like carrying your own water bottle, coffee cup and shopping bags, recycling the plastic you buy, avoiding products that contain micro plastics and volunteering for a local clean-up.”
Antonio Guterres, Secretary-General of the United Nations

Why celebrate World Oceans Day?

We celebrate World Oceans Day to remind everyone of the major role the oceans have in everyday life. They are the lungs of our planet, providing most of the oxygen we breathe. The purpose of the Day is to inform the public of the impact of human actions on the ocean, develop a worldwide movement of citizens for the ocean, and mobilize and unite the world’s population on a project for the sustainable management of the world’s oceans. They are a major source of food and medicines and a critical part of the biosphere. In the end, it is a day to celebrate together the beauty, the wealth and the promise of the ocean.

Action focus for 2018: preventing plastic pollution and encouraging solutions for a healthy ocean

Plastic pollution is causing tremendous harm to our marine resources. For example:

  • 80% of all pollution in the ocean comes from people on land.
  • 8 million tonnes of plastic per year ends up in the ocean, wreaking havoc on wildlife, fisheries and tourism.
  • Plastic pollution costs the lives of 1 million seabirds and 100,000 marine mammals per year.
  • Fish eat plastic, and we eat the fish.
  • Plastic causes $8 billion in damage to marine ecosystems each year.

Change starts with you

There are many things we can do as individuals to reduce our plastic consumption. Remember: Use less plastic and recycle the plastic you must use. Use these hash tags in social media to spread the word to help clean up our ocean: #WorldOceansDay, #SaveOurOcean.

As in previous years since 2014, the Division for Ocean Affairs and the Law of the Sea is recognizing on 8 June the winners of the Annual World Oceans Day Oceanic Photo Competition in an event at United Nations Headquarters.

Oceans and the Sustainable Development Goals

The Declaration of World Oceans Day in 2008 catalysed action worldwide. Twenty-five years after the first Oceans Day took place in Rio de Janeiro at UNCED, a special event on June 8th marked its celebration during the United Nations Ocean Conference held from 5-9 June 2017. The Ocean Conference was convened to support the implementation of Sustainable Development Goal (SDG) 14 of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development: Conserve and sustainable use the oceans, seas and marine resources for sustainable development.

United Nations

 

 

http://www.un.org/es/events/oceansday/

 

Climate change threatens coffee, the flagship product of Ethiopia.

Climate change threatens coffee, the flagship product of Ethiopia.

Addis Ababa, Apr 16 Ethiopia, 2018 — Prensa Latina.

In Ethiopia, the increase in temperature and the decrease in rainfall have negative effects on the national coffee industry. To combat these harmful consequences, it is necessary to diversify production systems, genetic resources of coffee, strengthen research institutions, improve soil conservation practices and use more sources of supply and irrigation systems for water conservation in the areas affected by humidity. The country has already lost 60 percent of its forest coffee in the last 40 years due to the effects of deforestation, a trend that is expected to accelerate with climate change, the challenge is latent and according to some experts could have a devastating impact in the existence of Ethiopian coffee. Continuar Leyendo Climate change threatens coffee, the flagship product of Ethiopia.

International Mother Earth Day 2018

International Mother Earth Day

UN, 22 April, 2018.

A woman harvests rice by hand in Timor-Leste. © UN Photo/Martine Perret.

Mother Earth is a common expression for the planet earth in a number of countries and regions, which reflects the interdependence that exists among human beings, other living species and the planet we all inhabit.

The Earth and its ecosystems are our home. In order to achieve a just balance among the economic, social, and environmental needs of present and future generations, it is necessary to promote harmony with nature and the Earth.

International Mother Earth Day is celebrated to remind each of us that the Earth and its ecosystems provide us with life and sustenance.

This Day also recognizes a collective responsibility, as called for in the 1992 Rio Declaration, to promote harmony with nature and the Earth to achieve a just balance among the economic, social and environmental needs of present and future generations of humanity.

International Mother Earth Day provides an opportunity to raise public awareness around the world to the challenges regarding the well-being of the planet and all the life it supports.

During the commemoration of International Mother Earth Day on Monday, the Eighth Interactive Dialogue of the General Assembly on Harmony with Nature will be held on 23 April 2018 in the ECOSOC Chamber. The Interactive Dialogue will provide a platform to discuss sustainable production and consumption patterns in Harmony with Nature, as to ensure that people everywhere have the relevant information and awareness for sustainable development and lifestyles in Harmony with Nature. The Dialogue also aims to inspire citizens and societies to reconsider how to interact with the natural world and to improve the ethical basis of the relationship between humankind and the Earth in the context of sustainable development.

http://www.un.org/en/events/motherearthday/

 

Water shortage to hit India soon, new satellite study warns

Water shortage to hit India soon, new satellite study warns

Published:  India, All-India, April 14, 2018.

According to the developers of the new satellite, early warning system for the world’s 500,000 dams, shrinking reservoirs in India, Morocco, Iraq and Spain could spark the next “day zero” water crisis. In March, the Gujarat state government halted irrigation and appealed to farmers not to sow crops. Too in Cape Town recently grabbed global headlines by launching a countdown to the day when taps would be cut off to millions of residents as a result of a three-year drought. Drastic conservation measures have forestalled that moment in South Africa, but dozens of other countries face similar risks from rising demand, mismanagement and climate change.

Continuar Leyendo Water shortage to hit India soon, new satellite study warns

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